MBA Renewables

David Naville

Master's thesis

A Smart City Modelling and Benchmarking Framework Focus on Energy: Sustainability and Resilience

Professional background

Currency and Commodities Derivatives – Quantitative Analysis and Structuring

Advice for future students

"The MBA Renewables is a two and half/three years’ program – plan your time accordingly, especially with regards to mapping the MBA cursus to your career development".

Experience with the MBA Renewables

"The MBA Renewables strikes the right balance between learning the core concepts of renewable energy sources and understanding the business aspects linked to the energy space. It is also a great opportunity to widen your network and interact with people from different parts of the world and with different professional backgrounds".


Abstract of the thesis:
The concept of Smart City first appears in 1994. However, a key year is 1997, when the Kyoto Protocol gets signed. Given the rapid growth in urbanization and the resulting issues, the need to approach cities and their conception and organization in a more planned way becomes obvious at that time.
Since then, many initiatives have been undertaken to formalize the concept of Smart Cities. Those initiatives all share the same goals of making a city more livable, sustainable and resilient, as well as improving the quality of life of its population. Given the fairly new concept of Smart Cities – around 20 years – this, so far, has been an astonishingly active space for urban innovation, public and private collaboration, and forward steps in infrastructure and development. With the uprising of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), Smart Cities extend the century-old concept of urbanism.
The master thesis is based on L. Anthopoulos’ article “Comparing Cities with Different Modeling Approaches”. In his paper, Anthopoulos systematically reviews the scholar papers and articles from the industry that model as well as benchmark Smart Cities. His literature review spans from 1997 to 2015. The search outputs eight models for Smart Cities, and eight benchmarking frameworks. The first part of the master thesis provides an analysis of each of these Smart Cities models and benchmarking frameworks, along with key take-aways, contrasts and similarities.
The second part of the master thesis illustrates Smart City concepts with real case studies of the City of Lausanne, in Switzerland. Lausanne is the author’s hometown. As such, the Smart Cities initiatives undertaken by the City of Lausanne are directly connected to the Smart Cities models and benchmarking frameworks analysed all along the master thesis. It allows to better tackle answering to the two research questions of the thesis: “Is Lausanne a Smart City?”, and “What is Smart about the City of Lausanne?”  
The domain of energy, taken at large - from energy efficiency to energy demand and supply management, power and heat generation, waste-to-energy - and from the standpoints of resilience and sustainability, is of special focus throughout the thesis.