Hydrogen – A corporate approach

AuthorAdithya Nataraj Ramalingam
Professional backgroundProduct Development Manager in a leading energy company
Most memorable experienceOn campus time was a great experience. It gave me the opportunity to meet my fellow students from across the world. Doing group assignments and exchanging split work was interesting.
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisThe course set up gave me the flexibility required to manage studies along with professional and private life.
How important was the MBA Renewables for your career planning?Coming from a technical background, MBA Renewables gave me the necessary platform and confidence to understand the management aspects of the business.
Would you like to give an advice for future students? If so, please write it MBA Renewables needs lot of time and commitment. Determination is required to manage studies in parallel to professional and personal life.  

Abstract of the thesis:

The master thesis focuses on developing a hydrogen business development plan and delivery model for an energy company in Germany. The research focuses on understanding the hydrogen market, policies, competitors and developed a value proposition for the company. New business development risks for the company were identified and five year sales forecast plan was established. Based on the plan a financial business case for the new business was determined. Results were then used to determine the hydrogen business entry for the company.  

 

Technical and Financial Appraisal of Solar Powered Water Supply System in Egypt

AuthorAli A Ibrahim
Professional backgroundConstruction and Civil Engineering
Most memorable experienceThe friendship that I made during that study supported the completion of the program
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisThe program is very suitable for someone who professionally works in the field of sustainability and renewable energy.
How important was the MBA Renewables for your career planning?The program promotes my business administration skills, renewable energy knowledge, and climate change effects. The program also supported my knowledge in the international Management, Project Management, Quality Management, Law

Abstract of the thesis:

Egypt has the highest peak sunshine hours of more than 3594 average hours of sunlight per year. There are 82% of daylight sun hours, remaining 18% of daylight hours are likely to be cloudy or with shade, haze, or low sun intensity. Based on the environmental condition solar water pumping system can produce efficient results in the region of Egypt. This thesis presents Technical and Financial Appraisal of Solar Powered Water Supply System with Remote Monitoring and Management System in Egypt. The thesis result show that the LCC of the solar PV pumping system is lower compared to a diesel-powered pumping system with an NPV and an IRR of 32.2%. The discounted payback period is 4.85 years with 1.7 as the cost-benefit ratio. With the necessary funding, policies, grants, and subsidies from the government, the use of solar powered water pumping can help in mitigating climate change while reducing dependence on fossil fuel and ensuring food security. The results of the economic analysis shows the NPC of the solar pumping system and the diesel system is compared. The NPC, without considering an inflation rate is found to be $2,478 and $2,635 for the solar pumping system and the diesel system, respectively. The solar pumping system is proved to be more economic and lower in cost during the lifetime of the project compared with traditional diesel systems. Based on the solar irradiance and water resources chart, SWP system are very feasible for north Africa regions. As intense solar irradiance within north Africa region makes it best suitable for SWP system by consuming the solar energy to drive out water sources from deep wells.

 

Technical and Financial Appraisal of Solar Powered Water Supply System in Egypt

AuthorAli A Ibrahim
Professional backgroundConstruction and Civil Engineering
Most memorable experienceThe friendship that I made during that study supported the completion of the program
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisThe program is very suitable for someone who professionally works in the field of sustainability and renewable energy.
How important was the MBA Renewables for your career planning?The program promotes my business administration skills, renewable energy knowledge, and climate change effects. The program also supported my knowledge in the international Management, Project Management, Quality Management, Law

Abstract of the thesis:

Egypt has the highest peak sunshine hours of more than 3594 average hours of sunlight per year. There are 82% of daylight sun hours, remaining 18% of daylight hours are likely to be cloudy or with shade, haze, or low sun intensity. Based on the environmental condition solar water pumping system can produce efficient results in the region of Egypt. This thesis presents Technical and Financial Appraisal of Solar Powered Water Supply System with Remote Monitoring and Management System in Egypt. The thesis result show that the LCC of the solar PV pumping system is lower compared to a diesel-powered pumping system with an NPV and an IRR of 32.2%. The discounted payback period is 4.85 years with 1.7 as the cost-benefit ratio. With the necessary funding, policies, grants, and subsidies from the government, the use of solar powered water pumping can help in mitigating climate change while reducing dependence on fossil fuel and ensuring food security. The results of the economic analysis shows the NPC of the solar pumping system and the diesel system is compared. The NPC, without considering an inflation rate is found to be $2,478 and $2,635 for the solar pumping system and the diesel system, respectively. The solar pumping system is proved to be more economic and lower in cost during the lifetime of the project compared with traditional diesel systems. Based on the solar irradiance and water resources chart, SWP system are very feasible for north Africa regions. As intense solar irradiance within north Africa region makes it best suitable for SWP system by consuming the solar energy to drive out water sources from deep wells.

 

The Future of Wind Farm Development in Croatia – Market Analysis and Advice for New Market Entrants

AuthorSebastian Riss
Professional backgroundInternational Business Development Manager and Project Manager for wind and photovoltaic projects
Most memorable experienceThe two week on-campus time in Berlin certainly stands out as a period of bonding with fellow students and the Beuth / RENAC team while simultaneously providing practical insights into various renewable energy technologies.
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisAlthough some periods have been intense, the flexibility to adapt the study workload around the requirements of a full-time job was certainly beneficial.
How important was the MBA Renewables for your career planning?This MBA focusing on the economic aspects of the renewable energy sector complements the technical knowledge gained through my bachelor’s degree in Renewable Energy. This combination equips me well for my current and any upcoming positions.
Advice to future students All in all, and despite of the challenges associated with studying an executive MBA, it is an experience I would not like to miss and which I can fully recommend to anyone interested in obtaining a comprehensive insight into the various aspects of the renewable energy sector.

Abstract of the thesis:

This Thesis in form of a case study analyses the overall attractiveness of the Croatian market environment for future wind farm developments to support or refute the viability of a market entry and to propose a potential strategy to be pursued by an EU-wide operating renewable energy project development company. The objective will be achieved by initially analysing the general political, economic, social, legal, and environmental framework for conducting business activities and future wind farm project developments in Croatia, before assessing the energy market, presenting the major steps for the development of Croatian wind farm projects, and subsequent routes to sell the generated electricity. Finally, the potential for the development of photovoltaic projects, and for the expansion into the neighbouring countries of former Yugoslavia will be analysed. The analysis confirmed that the Croatian market is and will remain attractive for the development of new wind farm projects given its high wind speeds along the Adriatic coast, its largely untapped wind resources and recently published legislation encouraging the deployment of additional wind farms to create a greener electricity generation system and to alleviate Croatia’s dependency on foreign energy imports by exploiting its native, renewable resources. Additionally, Croatia’s high solar irradiation levels sustain the development of photovoltaic farms, and its strategic location and country stability credited to its EU membership makes it a suitable starting point to explore the largely untapped, hence interesting renewable energy markets of former Yugoslavia. Due to the positive conclusion of the market analysis, several market entry options with varying levels of time and capital commitment (e.g. employee of mother company, native company representative, joint venture, merger and acquisition, and subsidiary establishment and greenfield investment) have been explored as potential market entry strategy. In addition, a method for the identification and feasibility assessment of greenfield project opportunities using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is presented. 

 

Sustainability Analysis of e-mobility in Indonesia: Case study of Blue bird e-taxi drivers’ perspective on e-mobility attractiveness

AuthorDody Firdaus
Professional backgroundHaldor Topsøe Intl A/S - Chief of Rep Office
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisI was lucky as time difference allows me to join classes in evening local time (5-7 hours difference), so relatively convenient to join classes after dinner time.
How important is an  MBA Renwables for career planning? It is important - as it allows me to gain knowledge on renewable energy and technologies, which will be the future of energy.

Integrated Plan for a Progressive Implementation of a Microgrid in Damascus Old Town

AuthorFiras Saegh 
Professional backgroundIndustrial Automation System Engineer
Most memorable experienceEnjoying some of the workgroup projects despite the distances
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisIn a normal situation, part-time online (distance) learning would require a lot of self-discipline, extended focus after worktime and good organization. In my case I needed more of all!
How important is an  MBA Renwables for career planning? This MBA-RE should have been the most important milestone in my planning to drive my career where I always wanted to. Unfortunately, in reality it didn’t help  getting any opportunity.
Unlocking the development of 1MW+ Embedded Renewable Generation Systems: The Case of the South West Interconnected System (SWIS), Western Australia
AuthorMatthew Tutt
Professional backgroundWhen I started the course I was working as a commercial solar project manager so was very relevant, I am now working in energy innovation for a utility.
Most memorable experienceAttending the on-campus time, meeting classmates staff and teachers, visiting some great renewable facilities in the amazing Berlin.
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisUsing Moodle made things easier, however it took time and dedication to be able to do the course full-time. Usually the lectures were at night in Perth (live) so was easy enough to attend and work around my work schedule.
Advice to future students Embrace the learning, relationships with other students from around the world and definitely attend the on-campus time if you have the opportunity, plus allow some time for travel either side.

Abstract of the thesis:

The South West Interconnected System (SWIS) in Western Australia is an islanded electricity grid with a capacity and energy market. The uptake of 1MW+ embedded renewable generation systems in the SWIS has been historically lower than that of the main Australian electricity grid, the National Electricity Market (NEM), largely due to political, legal, economic and technical factors. This study investigates what has held back development of 1MW+ embedded renewable generation systems to date in the SWIS via survey of renewable energy stakeholders in WA and highlights strategies to unlock development. The SWIS requires political intervention and leadership to amend the regulatory environment to facilitate the development of renewable energy whilst maintaining an efficient, stable and reliable energy market. The intervention required is to reduce connection barriers, introduce constrained network access, facilitate the entry of storage to the capacity market, provide emissions reduction signals and control the effects of small-scale rooftop solar on the electricity system.

Incentives for Construction and Operation of Pumped Storage Power Plants
AuthorAnna Katharina Meyer
Professional backgroundDevelopment cooperation with political background
Advice to future students Choose the tasks for the group work you are interested in, not the ones which seem to be the easiest for you! The groups are generally quite strong and you can get so much out of it.

Abstract of the thesis:

The master thesis outlines current framework conditions for new pumped hydro storage plants and identifies needs for improvement in order to increase profitability prospects for an infrastructure needed within a future energy system based on renewable energy. To come up with specific suggestions, the author analysed a wide range of incentives and political reform options.

Large-scale energy storage market analysis and marketing strategy for a new type of compressed air energy storage technology
AuthorPierre-Emmanuel Guérin
Professional backgroundEngineer with over 10 years expertise on Wind Energy Projects
Most memorable experienceThe international aspect of this program offers an added value to it. It brings new concepts and knowledge to our own professional experience. The on-campus time was a remarkable opportunity to create a stronger network which made it possible to erase the anonymous aspect of a remote program
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisThe distance learning allows the necessary flexibility to be able to continue working on a 100% basis. This is the major advantage for many of us to access such a program
Advice to future students 

This program requires a strong discipline. Keep focus on a planning and try to manage your time effectively. This can be difficult some time but possible with enough effort. Indeed, do not miss the on-campus time opportunity!

Abstract of the thesis:

Energy storage has gained an increasing popularity during the last decade. Considering the future share of renewable energy in the energy mix, energy storage will have a central role in the European power system towards a cost-efficient low carbon power network. Among the variety of technologies compressed air energy storage systems can offer similar benefits as pumped hydro for long-term energy storage. This Master’s thesis investigates the European market potential for an underwater compressed air energy storage system with a potentially high efficiency developed by the case company chosen for the purposes of this thesis. In order to gain useful insight regarding this product’s perspectives, the research focuses on the potentials of the technology and its underwater storage medium opportunities among other technologies.The study provides competitor analysis and examines the European market opportunities. The conclusive part intends to propose a Go-to-Market strategy to the case company in order to fit the product to the market request. This study reveals a high theoretical potential of the technology and its strategic position regarding bulk energy storage, as well as a market demand for flexible systems able to provide multiple services to match with future business models of energy storage. The European market led by Germany and the United Kingdom appears to be promising in the near future; however, more barriers shall be removed before to provide a competitive framework for energy storage The proposed study has led to the conclusion that an underwater compressed air storage system shall be well addressed in the future to large-scale offshore wind farms, however, limited to the specific locations considering the seabed depths; while the most promising market to date appears to be found on grid-connected islands that fit medium-scale products.

Economic Feasibility, Bankability and Challenges for Tidal and Wave Power Plants in the Indonesian Archipelago
AuthorLuke Timmins
Professional background15 years in renewable energy focused roles with an EPC, an investment bank and spearheading a solar platform for a private equity firm.
Importance of the MBA Renewables for career planningBy committing to an MBA with a renewable energy specialization, as opposed to a general MBA at better known schools, it was an important move that solidified my commitment to the global energy transition and mapped out my career trajectory.
Most memorable experienceMost memorable would be the on-campus time in Berlin, namely visiting solar, wind and biomass power stations. Also noteworthy, were the energy policy units and technical and financial modeling of Micro-grids.
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisComplimentary; The knowledge gained enhanced my professional competency and accelerated projects I was working on.
advice for future studentsUse the programme not only to gain knowledge but also contribute and be active in the alumni network, which includes peers from the world’s fastest growing markets for renewable energy.
Identification of structural organizational conditions and other key influencing factors to develop a model for effective North-South NGO Partnerships
AuthorDaniela Floris
Professional backgroundIndustrial and no profit organization management
Advice for future studentsno pain no gain

Abstract of the thesis:

Available researches on strategic partnerships between Northern and Southern NGOs mainly have the aim of identifying the factors that affect the success of North-South partnerships in project development management, when the Northern partner acts as a donor and the Southern partner acts as an implementer. This research is aimed at identifying those factors that can determine the success or the failure of a North–South partnership in a situation where the Northern partner can act at the same time as a donor and as a project implementer. In such a situation the Northern NGO can opt to act as unique implementer or as a co-implementer in partnerships with Southern NGOs. When the Northern NGO is both funding and co-implementing a project it has more possibilities to better understand strengths and weaknesses of the co-implementing partners and can also design a model tailored for specific partnerships that better responds to the practical needs of both the Northern NGO and its Southern partners.This research was conducted considering a case study of strategic partnerships between a Northern NGO, fictionally named Tupopamoja, based in Italy, and seven of its Southern NGO partners located in different countries: Kenya, Tanzania, Benin, Cambodia, India. The initial findings were identified from the literature and substantiated with focus group discussions and semi-structured interviews involving key managers of both Tupopamoja and its seven Southern partners. A qualitative content analysis method was used to analyze the data gathered for this study. Thirty seven influential factors were identified from the literature and initially grouped in nine categories; in a second stage, they were re-clustered according to two themes, from which a model for the management of strategic partnerships was then developed. Basically, the model can support Tupopamoja when it has to decide whether and how to work in partnership according to its strategy, Mission and Vision. Furthermore, the model can help the Northern organization to better understand which are the consequences of its choices in terms of governance and partnership management. The study reveals the fact that the ability of an organization to work in partnership depends mostly on its capacity in designing feasible partnership projects where the decisional power is as much as possible equally distributed and where goals, mutual benefits and expectation are shared and agreed. Partnerships designed as if they were projects can be managed through well-known tools widely used in international development cooperation like Project Cycle Management and Logical Framework.

 

Renewable Electricity in Alberta: Policy Analysis
AuthorAbdelrahman Lesan
Professional backgroundElectrical Engineer, holds a Master of Science in Electrical Engineering.
Most memorable experienceThe on-campus time in Berlin where I met my colleagues face to face. Also, visiting the 100% renewable energy self-sufficient Feldheim village was an eye opening experience.
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisIt is very challenging. It requires dedication and commitment in order to reap fully the benefits of the program.

Abstract of the thesis:

Alberta relies heavily on cheap coal-based generation for electricity supply. However, there is growing concern in the province over the negative impact of coal-fired electricity generation on the health of Albertans and the environment. Electricity from renewable energy sources surfaced as an alternative but there are several barriers that impede the transition to renewable energy. Therefore, the government enacted a renewable energy policy to stimulate the deployment of renewable electricity. This thesis conducts an analysis of Alberta’s renewable energy policy to evaluate the adequacy of the policy in achieving the government’s objective of 30 per cent of Alberta’s electricity generated from renewable sources by 2030. Moreover, the thesis aims at providing recommendation to address any shortcomings of the proposed policy. This research adopts a qualitative analysis method relying on secondary data gathered from academic publications, policy papers and government documents. The research studies the policy process starting from problem identification and ending with evaluation.The research findings show that Alberta’s renewable energy policy is effective in increasing the share of renewable electricity in the electric grid. Moreover, the first round of competition achieved a record low price of renewable electricity in Canadian history which is a noticeable indication of cost efficiency. The thesis further shows that the low price of the first competition is attributed to factors favouring wind energy compared to other renewable energy technologies.The policy-makers in Alberta need to introduce technology specific incentive to diversify the renewable energy sources in the electricity mix to alleviate some of the concerns arising from large-scale integration of wind-based electricity generation.

Technical Sustainable Management: An Instrument to increase Energy Efficiency in Wastewater Treatment Plants.  A Case Study in Jordan

AuthorDirk Winkler
Professional backgroundMechanical Engineer, Education Scientist, Master Business Administration, HVAC
Importance of the MBA Renewables for career planningDoor opener towards the next level of leadership within “Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH"
Most memorable experienceDistance studying in a multicultural team
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisChallenging and very often high workload being a project manager in a development aid project in Jordan and distance learning at the same time
Advice for future studentsRelate semester assignments to actual task in your daily work 

Abstract of the thesis:

Thesis contributes to the improvement of the municipal wastewater systems in Jordan. An important goal is increased energy efficiency in wastewater treatment plants and therefore lower expenses due to reduced electricity consumption. The chosen way to achieve this goal is through implementation of Technical Sustainable Management adapted to the Jordanian context. Three wastewater treatment plants in Jordan have been chosen as a case study for the investigation. These choices were supported by the fact that the three treatment plants are suitable for average performance and size. Beyond that, an energy assessment has been recently conducted in those facilities. The project succeeded in proving the following hypothesis: Energy efficiency in wastewater treatment plants can be improved by implementing principles of Technical Sustainable Management adapted to the Jordanian context.With this case study a significant increase in energy efficiency can be achieved by optimization of operational performance, identifying and eliminating of shortcomings and appropriate plant management. Implementing Technical Sustainable Management as a low-cost tool with comparable little workload, provides several additional benefits supplementing increased energy efficiency, including compliance with all legal and technical requirements, process optimization, but also increased work safety and convenient working conditions. The research in the chosen field continues, because there are indications for possible integration of the adapted tool into other regions and sectors. The concept of Technical Sustainable Management adapted to the Jordanian context could be extended to other wastewater treatment plants in all regions of Jordan but also into other sectors including water treatment, water distribution, wastewater network, desalination, or chemical industry.

Economic Options for High Penetration Renewables in Islanded, Hybrid Mini-Grids. The Case of Remote Northern Canadian Communities
AuthorScott Spencer
Professional backgroundI am a professional engineer, passionate about renewable energy with over 30 years of diverse industry experience in project management, strategic planning, maintenance and operations management.
Importance of the MBA Renewables for career planningI chose to pursue the MBA Renewables because I was working in the field and was interested in the course work.  I was able to directly apply the course material to my day-to-day work which gained me a lot of credibility with my collegues and enabled me to take on a new position with more responsibility.
Most memorable experienceThe two weeks of on-campus time was very memorable.  Being able to put a face to a name and build relationships with others in the cohort was very valuable.  The friendships made during that week supported the completion of the program.
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisAt times there was a lot of pressure as work demands conflicted with course deadlines.  Most of the time however, it was relatively easy to plan far enough in advance to comfortably complete all assignments.
Advice for future studentsBuild relationships and engage with others on the course.  It is helpful to have people to connect with to keep you motivated, especially when completing the thesis.

Abstract of the thesis:

Remote communities dependent upon diesel fuel for electricity generation are often seen as low-hanging fruit for climate change action. There are almost 300 remote communities in Canada, many of them north of the 60th parallel, all with islanded electrical systems unconnected to the North American grid do to vast distances and sparse populations. To have a meaningful impact on climate change high penetrations of renewables will be necessary. Delivering renewable energy projects into these isolated regions has proven both challenging and expensive. Through more than 40 interviews with a cross-section of stakeholders involved in these projects, this thesis defines economic viability from their perspective and seeks to identify options to achieve this. Analysis of recently completed projects confirmed the view of many stakeholders that this cannot be achieved in the current technological, social and political environment without economic support mechanisms. Recommendations are made to improve project economics and identify a path of research and development that could improve outcomes in the future.

Analysis of Innovative Solar Financing Models And Possible Support Schemes For Distributed Generation/ Hybrid Power Plants In Nigeria
AuthorÖmer Muhtaroglu
Professional background15 Years Experience in RE particularly Solar PV, Hydropower and Solar Thermal areas in Depar Solar Group based in Turkey. Founded Depar Energie GmbH in Munich/Germany in 2016 and Depar Africa in Lagos Nigeria 2017. Still Working as VP in Depar Solar Group, Advisor for Organisations in Turkey and in Nigeria, Writing for a magazine and several online newspapers in Turkey about Energy and Environment.
Importance of the MBA Renewables for career planningMBA Renewables was very important because it improved my business administration skills while feeding my knowledgebase about RE and backing up with school experience.
Most memorable experienceIt was the on-campus time of course; the visit of a biogas plant near a farm and a biogas plant that belongs to RWE were particularly memorable for me.
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisIt was challenging, enjoyable and informative
Advice for future studentsReading, exploring and enjoying in every minute is important. At the end you realise how much you have accumulated.

Abstract of the thesis:

All around the world the price of solar PV system has significantly come down in the last ten years and there are a lot of ways to pay for a system in today’s world. Among various available financing options there are certain methods to be analyzed with their structure and appropriateness to increase the access to energy in Nigeria. The Analysis of innovative solar financing models and possible support schemes for distributed generation/ hybrid power plants in Nigeria investigates the best finance models and possible support schemes for distributed generation and hybrid power plants in Nigeria. The study covers Nigerian energy sector from an electricity demand and supply perspective with offgrid rural electrification focus respective to the financial modelling and supportive structure review which includes a survey report to address the research question. The study does not cover technical considerations related to PV system siting, installation and connection to grid; nor does it deal with all local market considerations that may influence financing a system and/or approaches that can be studied statewise.

Multi-Objective Optimization for Generation Expansion Plan Considering Political and Economic Constraints: Case Study of Iran
AuthorSoodeh Rabbani
Professional background

B.S. Industrial Engineering Financial analyst and business development expert in Iran power sector

Most memorable experienceOf course the on campus time during the whole program was the most memorable experience of mine. Specially dining and getting to know the MBA professors, fellow students and administration team was a pleasure.
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisIt was an efficient dicision to study MBA in an distanced framework which enabled me to keep my full-time job in parallel. Because students should be back to this market after their studies, better not leaving it from day 1.

Abstract of the thesis:

Iran power sector is in transition from traditional governmental owned assets to a free electricity market. Meanwhile the share of different generation technologies is important for the country macro-economy, for the dispatchers, for the private sector and the electricity market. Many European countries seek for a greater renewable energies share in their energy basket although they own nuclear and thermal power generation infrastructures to generate electricity cheaper and more stable. Some other African countries take advantage of renewable energies as electricity is not accessible through the national grid and it is the cheapest way to have minimum energy for their basic life requirements. Islamic Republic of Iran as the 2nd holder of natural gas reserves takes advantage of this source of energy for domestic use such as electricity, heating, cooking, etc. In addition, it is cheap and accessible country wide. For this reason it is the dominant fuel for the majority of the power plants. In contrast, to benefit from renewable energies potentials require more capital investment, importing equipment from foreign countries and more difficult dispatching measures. The question in this thesis is not only about the optimum share of renewable energies in Iran but also gaining reliable plans to construct variable sort of power plants in different economic and political situations to meet different unrelated demands. Also that if renewable energies is a remedy to be prescribe for every nation? For this reason, a comprehensive study is carried out considering total life time costs of different power generation technologies, their fuel consumption, water consumption and greenhouse gasses emissions. Also in two different scenarios, the increased and lack of availability of renewable equipment in case of renewed trade sanctions has been considered. Finally the best alternative through TOPSIS algorithm and SWOT analysis has been identified and suggested. Studies show that the best alternative to develop Iran power sector is to increase the share of renewable energies up to 15% in 10 years, benefiting from domestic manufacturers. Finally for a better implementation of the expansion plan, required policies were advised.

Investigation into the substitution  of fossil fuel based power generation in Belize – a technical, economic and ecological feasibility study
AuthorHenrik Personn
Professional backgroundEngineer (B.Eng.)
Importance of the MBA Renewables for career planningAs I studied at Beuth University previously (Mechanical Engineering with Renewable Energy specialization) I knew about the MBA Renewables when it was first offered and I wanted to participate immediately as it perfectly combined very relevant topics such as international Management, Project Management, Quality Management, Law and financial aspects which are crucial  for successful project implementation. As I was planning an international career within the renewables sector, especially running programs / projects in developing countries, the MBA Renewables was indispensable for me, and opened the door for my dream job I am practicing today
Most memorable experienceLeading a project-group covering 3 continents with special challenges from different cultural and job related backgrounds.
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisDistance learning is perfect for me as I can organize myself very good, which I made use off at that time raising a small kid and both parents working 100% 
Advice for future studentsBe a good do’er - not bossy, but a leader!
A Smart City Modelling and Benchmarking Framework Focus on Energy: Sustainability and Resilience
AuthorDavid Naville
Professional backgroundCurrency and Commodities Derivatives – Quantitative Analysis and Structuring
Importance of the MBA Renewables for career planning

The MBA Renewables strikes the right balance between learning the core concepts of renewable energy sources and understanding the business aspects linked to the energy space.   

It is also a great opportunity to widen your network and interact with people from different parts of the world and with different professional backgrounds.
Advice for future studentsThe MBA Renewables is a two and half/three years’ program – plan your time accordingly, especially with regards to mapping the MBA cursus to your career development.

Abstract of the thesis:

The concept of Smart City first appears in 1994. However, a key year is 1997, when the Kyoto Protocol gets signed. Given the rapid growth in urbanization and the resulting issues, the need to approach cities and their conception and organization in a more planned way becomes obvious at that time. Since then, many initiatives have been undertaken to formalize the concept of Smart Cities. Those initiatives all share the same goals of making a city more livable, sustainable and resilient, as well as improving the quality of life of its population. Given the fairly new concept of Smart Cities – around 20 years – this, so far, has been an astonishingly active space for urban innovation, public and private collaboration, and forward steps in infrastructure and development. With the uprising of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), Smart Cities extend the century-old concept of urbanism.The master thesis is based on L. Anthopoulos’ article “Comparing Cities with Different Modeling Approaches”. In his paper, Anthopoulos systematically reviews the scholar papers and articles from the industry that model as well as benchmark Smart Cities. His literature review spans from 1997 to 2015. The search outputs eight models for Smart Cities, and eight benchmarking frameworks. The first part of the master thesis provides an analysis of each of these Smart Cities models and benchmarking frameworks, along with key take-aways, contrasts and similarities.The second part of the master thesis illustrates Smart City concepts with real case studies of the City of Lausanne, in Switzerland. Lausanne is the author’s hometown. As such, the Smart Cities initiatives undertaken by the City of Lausanne are directly connected to the Smart Cities models and benchmarking frameworks analysed all along the master thesis. It allows to better tackle answering to the two research questions of the thesis: “Is Lausanne a Smart City?”, and “What is Smart about the City of Lausanne?” The domain of energy, taken at large - from energy efficiency to energy demand and supply management, power and heat generation, waste-to-energy - and from the standpoints of resilience and sustainability, is of special focus throughout the thesis.

Development of an Integrated Business Plan for a Photovoltaic Modules Assembly Plant in Tanzania
AuthorBennie Muberwa Mushumbusi
Professional backgroundRailway Signalling and Telecom’s Engineer, Electrical Engineer.
Importance of the MBA Renewables for career planningMBA Renewable Program was very comprehensive supported with good lecture and lecture materials. It is a good recipe for individuals to be involved in Conversional and Renewable Energy projects of large scale.  After completing this course, I am confident to handle many project of such nature.
Advice for future studentsTime management may be a big challenge for individuals working and attending this course. On needs to dedicate a minimum of two (2) hours daily for this course, if a student have to learn and perform well

Abstract of the thesis:

The purpose of this research is to develop an integrated business model plan proposition to assemble photovoltaic modules in Tanzania.  All photovoltaic modules (PV) being utilized in the country and neighbouring countries of Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Malawi, Zambia, Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi are imported mostly from China. The need for PV modules is increasing day by day due to awareness of the availability and free energy exploited from the sun and means to convert this energy into electric power has increasing become known tremendously. There has been a lot of initiatives by the government to introduce macro structural adjustments for economic development in the region to attract investments in various areas, yet not a single PV assembly plant venture has been established. Having such plant locally brings a lot of benefits including making PV-modules readily available, avoidance of counterfeit, creating employment, which helps to alleviate poverty and promoting quality of life in the rural settlements away from utility grid. In addition, having such venture will greatly support mitigation initiative on environmental degradation, ultimately the country becoming less dependent on imported PV-modules.This study applied various methods and techniques such as financial, market, and economic analysis, and determination of key performance indicator (KPIs) using financial parameters and ratios, while integrating the assessment of the environmental impact in rural Tanzania and neighbouring countries, which to a large extent has influenced the decision for the business model being proposed.To address the research problem, qualitative and quantitative data were collected and collated to establish the viability of the business proposition. The investment model developed by the prospecting investor –Tanzanite Solar Company Ltd. (TSCL), is mainly based on the local macro economy, the local and neighbouring countries’ markets depending on the market potential and competition, the choice of technology, the country’s tax structure and the financing arrangement. Alike, studies done else-where with or without success have been reviewed in this research, in anticipation to uncover possible impact negating or promoting use of solar energy, creating local employment, reduce dependence on imported PV-modules and reduction of greenhouse gases (GHG) due to deforestation.Keywords: reduction of greenhouse gases, availability of free energy, mitigate environmental degradation, deforestation, rural communities, counterfeit, integrated business plan model, photovoltaic modules assembly plant, Tanzanite Solar Company Ltd.

 

What Net Positivity can mean in the maritime industry - A case study of identifying strategies for Meyer Shipyard
AuthorIlona Koivunalho
Professional backgroundOil and Gas industry
Importance of the MBA Renewables for career planningVery important. Energy industry is changing and I needed to change with it from oil to renewables
Most memorable experienceAll group works were fun! and interesting as students where physically around the world and with super interesting backgrounds!
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisExcellent! Flexible as one could go back to the seminars online whenever it suits them.
Advice for future studentsTry to start thinking of your final work at the very beginning so it doesn’t creep up on you with no time left

Abstract of the thesis:

This report has been written as an exposé for a Master’s Thesis for The Beuth University of Applied Sciences Berlin and the Renewables Academy (RENAC), and for MEYER TURKU OY, a shipyard that specializes in building highly complex, innovative and environmentally friendly cruise ships, carpassenger ferries and special vessels. Together with two sister shipyards in Germany, Meyer Werft in Papenburg and Neptun Werft in Rostock, Meyer Turku is one of the world’s leading cruise ship builders. This report has two distinctive parts: the first part will introduce the term and concept of Net Positivity. It will discuss briefly its background and origins, the distinction between sustainable thinking, CSR and net positivity and venture into theoretical ways a company should strategise in order to be net positive. The second part will discuss the report itself; the purpose of the study, how will it be researched, what kind of a research will it be, to whom it will be useful and what the possible outcomes will mean. This report will also give a solid understanding of the literature available; of both historical and current writings of the topic. And a project timeline and detailed plan.

Eradicating fuel poverty in Europe's energy transition era
AuthorBarbara Boreta
Professional background

International Public Servant

Importance of the MBA Renewables for career planningThe MBA Renewables opened me the door to a new job. I am convinced that the new degree was the reason why I got my new position.
Most memorable experienceOn campus module
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisThe modules were well distributed over 2-2.5 years so it was not overwhealming to work and study at the same time. I rarely could attend the online classes as they were conducted during my working hours. However, all lectures were recorded and I could listen to them at my convenience..
Advice for future studentsDefinitely do the on campus module!

Abstract of the thesis:

The International Energy Agency (IEA) estimates that 1.2 billion people, i.e. 16% of the global population, does not have access to electricity. Although more than 95% of those considered energy poor live in countries in Sub-Saharan Africa and developing Asia, the problem is also present in the European Union (EU) where it affects more than 115 million people.While the problem of energy poverty is present on the EU agenda, there is little coordinated action on the regional level. This paper analyzes the phenomenon of energy and fuel poverty from the regional and national perspective. The study proposes a definition of the phenomenon and designs a set of multidimensional, weighted indicators to measure the extent of energy and fuel poverty in the EU and its member states with the aim to support development of policy approaches to advance simultaneously the energy poverty alleviation and climate change mitigation agendas. Through the application of the proposed indicators, the study identifies the EU member state most (Bulgaria) and least (Sweden) affected by energy poverty and performs a comparative assessment to identify good practices and reasons for success and shortcomings of policies and measures in the studied countries. Based on these findings, recommendations are derived for policy making both on the EU and member states level.

Marketing of weather data in the solar electricity market
AuthorJan Horvath
Professional background

Managerial positions within solar industry: project development, EPC, O&M

CEO of an R&D company in agritech industry

Consultant: Organizational culture assessment development
Importance of the MBA Renewables for career planningMBA renewables provides a great information basis (packed with practical examples) for those who want to start pursuing their careers in sustainable energy sector. For those who are already in, this program enables widening of one’s horizons through the idea exchange with other REN professionals.
Most memorable experienceThere were many new and memorable moments throughout the MBA journey (distant learning and remote cooperation as such - what a great preparation for these harsh Corona times). Meeting the energized people from all over the world fired up for sustainable energy future during the on-campus time became my fondest memories though.
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisI really enjoyed the flexibility of distance learning while being still able to work and have a regular family life. Moreover, I appreciate the blending of the academic environment together with ren energy & energy efficiency professionals grouped within RENAC Germany.
Advice for future studentsJust try it. Make most out of it. And I’m sure you won’t regret it.

Abstract of the thesis:

In 2016, renewables made up two-thirds of new power added to the world’s grids. Photovoltaic industry accounted for 46% of all REN projects that year (REN21, 2017). In order to keep up with the existing trend and live up to high hopes of solar energy investors, PV asset owners, and energy policy makers for the bright future, the state-of-the-art approaches toward performance maximization need to be implemented. This fact will be even more emphasized in coming years as the fierce competition pushes the industry margins down and FIT schemes are being departed from in most territories. In an ideal solar world, a PV owner will be able to get 100 % correct weather data (as irradiation is the most important source of PV energy) a perspective PV site will receive in a given time, choose the most suitable location and appropriate technological set up, achieve highest system efficiency, and receive the highest possible return on his/her investment. In a real world, the uncertainty is the only certainty there is.The proposed master thesis will seek to explore yet unexplored seas of weather data methods used in the solar electricity market. In the scientific literature or in the professional PV world, one can easily find data on comparing and contrasting various technical features and functionalities of the most commonly used weather data methods. The aim of our academic endeavor, however, is to add one important criterion for consideration that has been missing in this field and that is the net economic value of weather data. “What’s in it for me”? What is the true value of weather data in the PV industry? How can the PV asset owner benefit from having weather data with lower uncertainty? Under what circumstances is it worth for him/her to use particular weather provision method over another one? These are the questions we seek to answer in the following parts of the thesis.The knowledge gained throughout this academic endeavor can serve as basis for preparing marketing strategy for irradiation campaign providers. From the broader perspective, overall solar ecosystem will benefit from the increased system efficiencies.

Eradicating fuel poverty in Europe's energy transition era
AuthorTim Greenaway
Professional backgroundCivil Engineer / Project Manager
Importance of the MBA Renewables for career planningThe MBA Renewables was the stepping stone I needed to move my career into the renewable energy sector. It gave me the background knowledge and confidence in the topic area to succeed. The MBA Renewables also provided an interesting networking topic with people interested in the course and the international study program.
Most memorable experienceThe two-week on-campus time was a highlight of the course for me. A lot of practical experience, interesting day tours and the opportunity to meet so many of the cohort from all around the world that I had only met virtually to that point.
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisTaking on the requirements of part-time study while working is always a challenge. In addition, dealing with the time difference for online lectures and to meet with group members at times required some late nights, but nothing insurmountable and we were well supported by the course advisers, lecturers and the technology platform.
Advice for future studentsMake the most of the available lectures and the group chat to immerse yourself into each course. You get out of the course what you put into it. And of course, make sure you attend the on-campus time if possible.
 The transformation of modern energy markets - The case of Greece
AuthorGrigorios S. Georgakis
Professional backgroundMechanical Engineer, working as Energy Market Analyst, 9 years experience in academia and energy industry
Importance of the MBA Renewables for career planningMBA Renewables enhanced my knowledge beyond the technical level and significantly assisted in shaping a complete understanding of energy markets. 
Most memorable experienceGroup projects
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisCombination of work and studies is really demanding. It requires dedication and self-commitment.

Abstract of the thesis:

The past decades a market disruption is witnessed in the power sector, driven mainly from technological advances and consumers demand change. Liberalization of the energy markets has been presented as a solution to the challenges that the new energy era has brought. Greece has made significant efforts to advance energy sector reforms in a challenging environment of declining consumption and constrained finances. The process of transforming the energy sector is often criticized and many argue that many obstacles remain till the successful reshape of the energy market that will facilitate the penetration of renewable energy systems, integrate the new technological advancements and increase the national energy security.

This thesis focusses its analysis into the Greek energy electricity market, the progress of the national energy market deregulation and the future market challenges in the era of energy market transformation to be addressed from the policy makers.

 
 

South East Asia market challenges and counter options in scaling up Solar PV in Distributed Generation

 
AuthorNaresh. K. Govindan
Professional background23 Years of experience in the Energy Sector. Lead roles across diverse function from Project Development to   Physical Asset Management services of Energy (Power, Renewables, Refinery)Projects.
Most memorable experienceDoing an Assignment in exchanging the split works was interesting, A two-week study tour was fabulous in meeting peers across the globe and visiting operating plants in Germany. Overall, learning at RENAC and Beuth, gave a new experience with likeminded peers, encouraging professors and efficient administers in assisting me, when sought for any help.
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basis

As most of us, prior to enrolling for distance learning program, I did have mixed thoughts whether I would be left alone in keeping pace with peers and whether adequate guidance will be provided. But the Program LMS Moodle concept and the swift response from the professors erased such conundrum and spiked confidence when I cross over initial semesters. Hardship of commuting to fixed class hours is the crux and specialty of the program. With no fixed time of work nature of mine, I could navigate the time challenges, though at times it demanded me to read while commuting transports and doing assignment at the airports lounges while waiting to board flights.

Advice for future studentsP2P- Passion to profession.  If you have career passion for renewable and continue to be in the same profession across the value chain of RE projects (Technology or Project finance or Business or Contractual pathways) the Program covers holistically and one need not have second thoughts.

Abstract of the thesis:

While Distributed Generation Solar PV-Roof Top projects (DGPV) has a plethora of advantages, there were barriers in scaling up the market growth and penetration as compared to utility scale in S.E. Asia markets. The thesis examines what are the potential barriers in upscaling DGPV segment and there by conducting quantitative analysis, propose risk mitigation as counter options for market gains in upscaling roof top projects.

Saudi Arabia’s still untapped energy conservation potential – Where do we stand?
AuthorQuentin Blommaert
Professional backgroundManager industries (responsible for recycling and waste management) at Germany Trade & Invest - GTAI
Importance of the MBA Renewables for career planningIt provided me with keys to better understanding and gauging future developments in the RE field. For my career, I dispose of definite confidence when addressing renewable energy issues and make a thorough use of the acquired knowledge to new industry fields I tackle
Most memorable experienceThe On-Campus Time was definitely the most memorable part of the programme: being able to spend time, share ideas, confront opinions on RE topics with fellow students from all over the globe was fantastic.
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisIt was intellectually thrilling to juggle between a fulltime job and the MBA: on the one hand, daily life and its routine; on the other hand, the possibility to exit real life for a couple of hours per week and dedicate them a topic one is passionate about and this with fellow students sharing the same enthusiasm for RE.
Advice for future studentsNext to the actual programme courses, to regularly set one’s own goals that are linked to one’s professional situation and strived career prospects.

Abstract of the thesis:

Based on the ACF policy theory, namely the Advocacy Coalition Framework, the thesis dresses the current status as to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s (KSA) efforts towards more energy conservation. The thesis is supported by interviews carried out with energy experts in KSA, which were made according to the chosen policy theory. As such, the present work unfolds the Kingdom's already made efforts for a more rational use of energy; additionally, it sheds some light as to pressing remaining challenges for KSA to enhance energy conservation on its soil.

Decarbonisation of industry sectors using fossil fuel-based hydrogen: Analysis of APAC markets renewable energy policy frameworks and their impact on the decarbonisation of industry sectors using fossil fuel-based hydrogen
AuthorMatthieu Auguste Robert Jaunatre
Professional backgroundOver 15 years of experience in QHSE leadership positions in the nuclear and offshore wind industry
Importance of the MBA Renewables for career planningComing from the nuclear industry, I think it was essential to build credibility in the field of renewables.
Most memorable experienceMeeting my fellow MBA students in Berlin. I particularly enjoyed the modules 01: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Systems and Concepts, 05: Investment and Financing and 10: Integrated Business Plan Development.
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisThe distance learning was the ideal set-up to combine the MBA studies, my professional obligations and my private life.
Advice for future studentsEmbrace and commit to the MBA challenge, it does require time and work and does not necessarily come easy. Establish a detailed work plan at the beginning of each semester and stick to it. That worked well for me.

Abstract of the thesis:

The research work consisted on assessing the APAC markets potential for renewable hydrogen production based on the current and planned renewable energy capacity, as a result of current renewable energy and hydrogen policies implementation. Based on this assessment, it was possible to determine if industry sectors using fossil fuel-based hydrogen (ammonia, methanol, oil refining and steel manufacturing) could effectively be decarbonized.

Community Solar Business Models Based on Shared Value Principles: The Case of Rural Distribution Cooperative Utilities.
AuthorKatharine Rushton
Professional backgroundSolar energy project development and consulting
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisThe asynchronous nature of the course content delivery made it very convenient to study while also working full time. However, I found that the interactions with other students to discuss concepts and assignments was invaluable, so forming relationships with your class mates is important too.
Advice for future studentsBe sure to take advantage of the on-campus time. It was such a benefit to meet the other students and learn about the many roles they play in the international renewable energy industry.

Abstract of the thesis:

Climate change mitigation hinges on the decarbonization of economic systems, and a key strategy is to stop burning fossil fuels for electrical energy supply. Colorado’s “Roadmap to 100% Renewable Energy” and supporting legislation, has initiated a transition to a clean energy economy that reaffirms the ability of citizens to meet their own energy needs, by expanding access to community solar. Colorado’s rural electric cooperative utilities have governing principles that require balancing maintaining low energy prices with care and concern with the community. This study investigates if the development of Community Scale Solar (CSS) on cooperative utility distribution grids can provide additional value streams and community economic opportunity outside of the utility system, by using business models that focus on sharing the costs and the benefits of project development, implementation and operation across a wide spectrum of stakeholders. By way of value chain assessment and case study analysis, the research demonstrates that, the main economic benefits realized by the local economy, center around long-term operational revenue streams from property tax assessments and land lease agreements. Local economic benefit from jobs is less impactful, as rural areas may not have a suitably skilled workforce and job generation only occurs on a short-term temporary basis during project implementation. The research reveals that circumstances among rural cooperatives vary widely and many factors influence the ability to realize economic benefit. Many are locked into long term contracts for energy supply that significantly limit the opportunity to implement and benefit from CSS projects.

Distributed battery energy storage units for rural electrification in Sub-Sahara Africa. Niger Case Study – A Technical and Financial evaluation and comparison
AuthorIsahac Esteve
Professional backgroundProject management in renewables energies and water management up to 10 years. Working in the private and public sector
Importance of the MBA Renewables for career planningIt did improve my career a lot. Since all this new knowledge and background provided me with the tools to try new challenges in the same sector. Being able to provide not only a technical analysis but as well, all what this MBA provided me it boosted my career.
Most memorable experienceThe on-campus time without any doubt. All related with it was perfect, the modules, the site visits, alumni activities/meetings
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisNot always easy, working in some difficult countries for months in Africa doesn’t always guarantee the internet access. But is remarkable the effort from the MBA admin staff to find always a solution for your supervised exams.
Advice for future studentsTry to find the connections between your learning process in the MBA and your professional activities

Abstract of the thesis:

Energy access is a concerning issue for developing societies and has become one of the major and most important Sustainable Development Goals in the 2030 UN agenda. This research proposal intends to explain the importance of decentralized electrification in Sub-Saharan Africa and how its different technical approaches could become more adequate than centralized electrification through national grid extension. Since global warming is another concern, and traditional energy generation systems are shown to be extremely high pollutants, new strategic plans need to take this into account and consider renewable energies as valid energy sources. Extensive literature, case studies and references highlights the failure of rural electrification programs fully subsidized by public funds, the models have proven the financial and operational un-feasibility of this approach; as well, the investment to be done for the “energy for all” commitment is impossible to assume by public donors. Private investment has become mandatory for this goal; this won’t happen if business models and schemes don’t prove to be interesting for investors. Rural electrification as a business it is a complex and multi-variable scheme, this research proposal intends to analyse through extensive literature review different Mini-Grids cases or projects and understand the business model for thereafter, apply the lessons learned to create a business structure for the upcoming World Bank’s rural electrification program in Niger, pretending that the investment capital is partially subsidized by public funds and partially private equity which gains a concession to become a rural ESCO and sell the energy to their customers.

Towards the smart wind farm: Selection and Application of Power Electronics and Internet-Enabled Solutions for Optimized Integration of Wind Power into the Smart Grid
AuthorPedro Esteban
Professional backgroundPedro Esteban is a sales, marketing and business development leader working at Merus Power Dynamics and based since 2012 in Singapore. Previously he has worked as development engineer and product manager at Nokian Capacitors in Finland, as sales manager at Areva T&D and Alstom Grid in Finland and in France, and as business development manager at General Electric in Singapore. He has over 18 years of experience in the planning, delivery and Smart Grid integration of power quality improvement and grid code compliance solutions worldwide.
Importance of the MBA Renewables for career planningPretty good, as now Im working in the renewables sector.
Most memorable experienceThesis defense in Berlin. Discussions with MBA colleagues.
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisVery good. Makes life much easier for people working that need to travel frequently (my case).

Abstract of the thesis:

All countries set energy goals for the future. Governments are increasing the share of renewable energy generation to achieve these goals in a sustainable way. To meet these ambitious goals, among other measures, large onshore and offshore wind farms need to be built and connected to the grid. These large wind farms are comparable with conventional power generation stations and they are a key solution to produce and deliver large amounts of clean energy in the near future.

At the same time, traditional electric power systems are facing a major transformation into more reliable, efficient and flexible systems: the Smart Grid. The key drivers for this transformation are the need to integrate renewable energies and distributed generation, the need to improve energy efficiency and consumers’ desire to have better control over their energy consumption.

Technical, economic, policy and regulatory challenges appear when connecting large amounts of wind power to the grid. Wind farm developers and grid operators face major challenges to integrate and optimize the operation of these new generation sites, often resulting in the need to install extra electrical equipment, control systems and predictive generation and scheduling software to meet grid integration requirements.

Keywords: Renewable energy, power generation, power transmission and distribution, Power Quality, grid integration, renewable integration, HVDC, FACTS, BESS, SVC, STATCOM, Synchronous Condenser, Series Capacitors, wind farm, grid stability, Smart Grid, energy storage, Industrial Internet of Things, cloud computing, grid code requirements, energy efficiency, energy cloud.

Sustainable Management of Power Systems & Renewable Energy Source Integration on Islands & Isolated Mini-Grids, Case Studies in Southern Myanmar
AuthorMin Chan Win
Professional backgroundManaging Director Myanmar Eco Solutions & EAM Myanmar Country Coordinator, Private Financing Advisory Network (PFAN
Importance of the MBA Renewables for career planningThe MBA provided me the necessary confidence in my day to day business interaction.
Advice for future studentsEven with all our career demands, we will always find time required for the course as long as there is dedication.
Most memorable experienceThe most memorable experience for me will be the 2 weeks practical with fellow students in Berlin.
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisThe demanding group activities requiring different geographies and times zones is a great experience required for todays globalized setting.
Addressing the Potential Solar PV Panel Waste Issue in Australia
AuthorEdwin Ong
Professional backgroundElectrical Engineer
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisInitially it was challenging trying to balance part-time study with full-time work. You certainly have to make adjustments in your life, but you slowly get used to the arrangement. It was extremely helpful that the lectures were recorded and could be accessed at any time.

Abstract of the thesis:

A large quantity of PV panels was installed in Australia from 2008 because of the dramatic reduction in global PV module prices and the introduction of generous government funded feed-in tariffs. In 2015, the National Electricity Market saw around 1.5 million small-scale PV systems installed with a total capacity of around 4.0 GW. This thesis examines and forecasts the potential waste problem that could eventuate as more small-scale PV systems are installed in Australia. The thesis then proposes several policy mechanisms to combat the potential PV panel waste problem as well as how it could be financed.

Validity of biomass CHP plants through a case study – BE-TO Osijek
AuthorMario Maras
Professional backgroundTechnologist and Site Manager for installation and overhaul of electric generators
Importance of the MBA Renewables for career planningMBA Renewables has provided me a very good on-campus time with field trips, a very interesting and rewarding internship at RENAC. Both had led to a project to build a biomass CHP plant in my home town. That experience led me to a current work which includes installation and overhaul of electric generators.
Advice for future studentsIf I would go back in time, I would do it all over again.
Most memorable experienceMy most memorable experience, which I believe to share with many others, is the on-campus time at RENAC. On-campus time provided hands on experience with field trips including meeting other fellow students and broadening of a network. Also, group works were very enjoyable. Ability to prepare an online complex group task with people from other countries and continents was very challenging and enjoyable at the same time.
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisIt was very challenging which required a lot of focus, work and energy, but at the same time very rewarding.

Abstract of the thesis:

Biomass cogeneration heat and power (CHP) plant is a relatively new concept for energy production in Croatia. Only a handful of projects have been developed so far. While this concept provides both thermal and electrical energy on a small scale which would satisfy energy demands of many people in rural areas, yet people still mostly rely on wood or possibly natural gas for heating, while a great amount of electrical energy is imported and wood stays as one of the major players in primary energy supply.

This Thesis discovers several plants that prove a viability of these projects, especially through a power plant BE-TO Osijek which delivers electrical and thermal energy through district heating and industrial steam to its customers. It proves that such power plant is economically viable and could provide stable electric power supply. Risks and challenges are being examined through questionnaires done with different parties. Acquired data is being used to provide a final and critical discussion at the conclusion to present conditions that should be met in order to develop these projects in the future.

The final conclusion is that small thermal power plants using wood chips as a fuel could drive local economy in rural areas only if both thermal and electrical energy are fully utilised which would require further emphasis on building infrastructure for district heating.

Charging challenges of electric vehicles Strategies for range anxiety mitigation of electric vehicle drivers Comparative study the Netherlands and Norway
AuthorAbolfazl Zolghadriha
Professional backgroundBSc. Chemistry / Chemical industry
Advice for future studentsIt is vital to think about the thesis subject from the first day of the program. In this way, choosing a more relevant topic and time management of doing the study will be accomplished easily.
Most memorable experienceBerlin campus and the group work with other participants in the program. Besides, the visits of companies and sites.
Experience of distance learning on a part-time basisA good choice for busy and senior people. A bit challenging for group work meetings arrangement.

Abstract of the thesis:

Industrial Revolution in the 18th century was a stimulus to produce fossil fuels as an economical and reliable source of energy. Consequently, increasing energy consumption, economic development, and population increase, caused growth in greenhouse gas emissions from the consumption of fossil fuels. Climate change and global warming is a circumstance of these unusual changes since the 20th century (IPCC, 2015). The transportation segment is an important producer of greenhouse gases. In response to global warming and air pollution impacts, caused by the transportation sector, electric vehicles could be a solution to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. Transport offers the lowest renewable energy share of any sector, making progress in this area is vital for the global alteration to cleaner energy and transportation system (IRENA, 2016).

Electric cars have higher energy efficiency compared to conventional cars. However, electric vehicles have a limited range and charging problem. Limited range leads to the drivers’ range anxiety, which is the fear of fully draining an electric car’s battery throughout a trip, before reaching to a charging point. This anxiety lowers the attractiveness of electric cars and potentially makes alternative means of transportation appealing for consumers. However, faster progression is required for electric vehicles to accomplish their responsibility in the global energy transition, both within decreasing vehicles emissions and uplifting renewable energy use.

Norway and the Netherlands are the current unquestionable pioneers in implementation of electric mobility. Together, in 2018 they shared a total number of over 430,000 passenger electric cars on the road (RVO, 2019) (Elbil, 2018a). The main purpose of this study is to compare strategies of these two countries in the development of electric vehicles and specifically charging infrastructure, and evaluate in what extent it helped or will be helpful to mitigate range anxiety of electric car drivers.

The quantitative and qualitative comparison of both countries performed on their influencing factors in the development of electric mobility. Furthermore, the relationship between these factors and electric vehicle drivers range anxiety is studied. In parallel, the study assumptions are examined by a public survey and through a few interviews with key stakeholders in the field of electric mobility.

The final statement is to conclude the effectiveness of the compared countries electric mobility strategies in managing range anxiety and charging challenges of electric car drivers.

An Analysis of Customer Acquisition Costs in the United States Residential Solar PV Industry
AuthorGraham Major-Ex
Professional backgroundFinance, consulting
What was your most memorable experience?The on-campus time was an incredible experience and I would gladly recommend it to every future class.
How was the experience of distance learning on a part-time basis while working at the same time?I found the mix between working and the executive MBA very compatible. The amount of work for the MBA was reasonable and well dispersed throughout the semester, which meant that there were sprints where a lot of work needed to be done but that it was not continuously stressful. It was easy to keep high performance in the workplace while performing well on the MBA.
How important was the MBA Renewables for your career planning?The MBA was a good step forward in my career and was extremely helpful in establishing a base of understanding in the energy and renewables industries.

Abstract of the thesis:

Solar Photovoltaic (PV) installations have risen dramatically in number as costs have continued to fall, particularly for hardware and installation labor. However, the remaining soft costs, including customer acquisition costs, of residential solar PV installations remain stubbornly high.

Within the area of soft costs, customer acquisition costs, which include costs associated with lead generation, sales, marketing and employee salaries, have been identified as a key area ripe for improvement. Driving down customer acquisition costs will allow installers to lower their prices and thus increase adoption in a positive feedback cycle.

The primary question this research explores is:

  • What are the drivers of high costs of customer acquisition in the US residential solar PV industry?

Secondary questions this research needed to answer in order to effectively answer this question are:

  • What sales channels are currently being used by residential solar installers?
  • Which channels generate the highest absolute volume of leads and sales?
  • What are the lead-to-sale conversion rates?
  • Which sales channels have high, average and low conversion rates?
  • What are the relative costs related to each sales channel?

An examination of customer acquisition costs, including in depth interviews with 10 installers provided insights into the customer acquisition channels, conversion rates for various channels and the associated costs of each. These data points allowed bottom-up calculation of overall customer acquisition costs as well as a channel-by-channel analysis of the relative costs of each customer acquisition channel via case study.

MODELLING SUSTAINABLE TOURISM MOBILITIES: A proposal for a smart, green and integrated mobility system on lake Iseo in Italy
AuthorAndrea Ranzanici
Professional backgroundConsultant and project manager for access to energy in developing and emerging countries
Advice for future studentsEnsure a constant transferring of knowledge between the MBA and your daily job

Abstract of the thesis:

The study addressed the opportunity to develop a smart, green and integrated mobility model in secondary areas of developed countries. It does so by focussing on the specific case study of lake Iseo in northern Italy, and the strategic links between sustainable tourism planning and mobility management, which are more often than not treated separately.

Viability of advancing the utilisation of biogas in industry and municipalities by means of shared saving models in South Africa
AuthorJens Hauser
Professional backgroundSustainable Energy Consultant / Head of Competence Centre Sustainable Energy, Southern African-German Chamber of Commerce & Industry
Advice for future studentsAny student who has the chance should participate in the on-campus time as the two weeks are a unique experience in a dynamic learning environment. The contacts made to fellow students during the two weeks helped me a lot in mastering the MBA course.
Experience with the MBA RenewablesThe MBA Renewables offers the right balance between technical and economic subjects. The learning content, exercises and case studies are all relevant and well related to the renewable energy industry. Therefore, the programme builds a solid foundation to successfully work in the sector.

Abstract of the thesis:

The thesis analyses the business case and financial viability of commercial, waste-to-energy biogas installations for industrial energy self-supply and electricity generation by municipal distributors in South Africa. In undertaking this analysis, the following questions are answered: (I) is biogas a financially attractive opportunity for energy supply and alternative waste handling? (II) is the shared savings model a feasible delivery mechanism for biogas projects? (III) what economic and financing parameters have to be met to develop biogas in South Africa? (IV) are business environment and framework conditions conducive for biogas?

In the thesis, the overall market conditions for biogas in South Africa are elaborated, using the PESTLE analysis approach to structure the market factors. To conclude on economic parameters a biogas project has to meet the author conducted a review of existing biogas facilities and project cases, as well as interviews with biogas sector stakeholders. In order to determine the viability and attractiveness of biogas the author analysed two replicable case scenarios – one each for an industrial user and for a municipality – and set the results in relation to the basic economic parameters.

The thesis concludes that, (I) the framework conditions for biogas in South Africa are improving, (II) investments in biogas installation are justified by attractive financial results under certain preconditions, and (III) that shared saving models can be attractive for both, the financing ESCO and the client.

The PESTLE analysis illustrates the improving framework conditions for biogas application, including the recognition of biogas as an appropriate alternative waste treatment (AWT) technology, as well as the increasing electricity tariffs and waste management costs. The financial results of the case studies stand to reason to regard waste management costs as the determining factor for the viability of a biogas installation. Under the condition that substantial amounts of organic waste are diverted from landfill, the thesis’ viability criteria are meet with ease and, in case of the industry scenario, attractive IRR and ROI value are attained. Therefore, the minimisation of waste management costs via anaerobic digestion could be deemed as the more relevant driver for biogas utilisation in South Africa than supply of energy. The financial results indicate that shared savings models constitute a probable project delivery mechanism for biogas in South Africa. The share of income to the ESCO in both scenarios is sufficient to meet the financing obligations and to provide for attractive returns to the ESCO. The financial benefits of the client are also sizeable.

The thesis’ results suggest to further investigate shared savings models as a mean to mobilise private sector investment to support South Africa’s shift towards waste recycling and recovery, as well as to foster the decarbonisation of the country’s electricity supply.
Technical and Financial Appraisal of Solar Powered Irrigation with Remote Monitoring and Management System in Nigeria
AuthorAdemola Samuel Abikinda
Professional backgroundMechanical Engineer with over 10 years expertise on Water and Renewable Energy Projects
Advice for future studentsStrong-will, being focused and ability to persevere despite all odds are prerequisites to completing this
laudable programme.
Experience with the MBA RenewablesThe MBA Renewables is a good platform for me to interact with other professionals in RE and EE from
all over the world. The On-campus time is highly recommended and thanks to both BEUTH and RENAC
staff for doing a painstaking job. Well done!

Abstract of the thesis:

Irrigation activities utilize an enormous amount of water supply thereby demanding a deal of energy consumption with its attendant impacts on the cost of food production. This thesis presents Technical, and Financial Appraisal of Solar Powered Irrigation with Remote Monitoring and Management System in Nigeria. Solar powered water supply is a reliable and environmentally sustainable means of providing a power supply for irrigation operations as it is already competitive with a diesel generator and applicable where grid connection is not available especially in rural areas or unreliable in most cases.
Sustainable energy for cities and local governments: An integrated assessment of Community Choice Energy business models in California
AuthorSilvia Zinetti
Professional backgroundSustainable energy consultant and policy advisor. Expertise in the renewable energy and energy efficiency sector, European affairs, research and development projects.
Advice for future students"Time management and dedication are the keys to successfully complete the programme. So make sure to plan your time accordingly to the workload and everything will go smooth. I would also recommend attending the two weeks on-campus time in Berlin as you have the opportunity to meet the RENAC team, the professors at BEUTH, and your colleagues".
Experience with the MBA Renewables"This MBA made me grow both professionally and personally. Stressful at times but definitely worth the time and effort. I am happy I decided to take the challenge and proud to successfully complete it. The programme is well structured and covers all the aspects of renewable energy and energy efficiency in an integrated way. Working with colleagues from different cultures makes it even more challenging but you certainly develop skills that are needed in today’s globalized market. Definitely a great experience".

Abstract of the thesis:

Innovative business models in the renewable energy sector are of growing interest, particularly at the local level where several cities and municipalities are leading the way toward the energy transition with new commitments to 100% renewable energy. Community Choice Energy is a new interesting business model that is catching the attention of numerous cities in the U.S.; however, it is still in its early stage in California. This paper aims at an integrated assessment of the existing business model of two case studies located in California for future projects repetitions. The use of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats framework in combination with the business model canvas has enabled a deeper assessment of the organization’s business model and its building blocks, ensuring an evaluation from multiple viewpoints. This research has revealed that CCE business model works as long as customers will stay in the program, and the price stability and competitiveness is guaranteed. Strong customer relationships and effective channels are key for the success of the business model, as well as the effective procurement of energy sources. Repeater projects must take into consideration their specific electricity market, current legislation, regulation, and the consumer’s choices. Because of the reliability of multiple- case study research, conclusions can be applied to a broader range of cases. Specific recommendations for the case studies and a strategy map with specific key objectives for repeater projects are tangible outcomes of this master thesis. Additional research that involves external environments in other areas, price mechanism, and customer perspective will further enhance the understanding of this business model and its potential replication in the U.S. and beyond.

The energy transition as a green growth driver for the port of Marseille Fos: renewable energy, energy storage and energy efficiency
AuthorSylvain Pichon
Professional backgroundProjects and marketing manager for energy transition and industrial development within the Port of Marseille Fos : floating offshore wind turbines, photovoltaic, energy storage (power to gas), industrial energy efficiency (steam network), CO2 recycling, innovation.
Advice for future students"To be determined, enduring and open minded in order to build the best balance between MBA, professional and personal lives throughout this academic marathon. Do not hesitate to participate at the on campus time in Berlin!".
Experience with the MBA Renewables"This MBA has allowed me to develop my skills and my culture related to the energy transition through a 360 ° angle overview. My credibility and technical and economic capacities have been gradually reinforced by a high-level generalist training course enabling very enriching international meetings".

Abstract of the thesis:

The decline of the refinery industries, that made the port of Marseille Fos strength and growth through decades, requires to diversify and rethink port economic models in order to remain an engine of sustainable development, generating training effects on the whole value chain of the territory. The common denominator of these new development pipelines is the energy transition and the search for new growth. In this context, the harbor has many assets to become the cradle of the industrial developments supporting the energy transition. The two guiding principles in order to conduct these development actions on the port are the following:

  • Energy efficiency and sobriety,
  • Diversification of the energy mix and developing renewable energy.

 

These principles have been applied on the energy production and on the energy consumption sides aiming to achieve two kings of objectives:

  • Socio-economic objectives : increasing the revenues for the port and its territory, and developing non outsourced jobs,
  • Environmental objectives: decreasing CO2 and particles (Nox, Sox) emission.

 

The operational leverages to achieve these purposes will be to develop on the port energetic arena two kinds of applications linked to the energy transition:

  • some energetic services dealing with renewable energy production (photovoltaic, geothermal, …), and energy management; storage, carrier and recovery facilities (steam network, smart grid, …),
  • some new innovative industrial sectors (floating offshore wind turbine, bio sources industries, …) aiming to implement on the port area a complete or partial value chain (industrial and logistic facilities), for local, national and international radiance with a higher job creation ability.

 

The thesis demonstrates that the potential development (27 market segments identified) can generate for the port and its territory three type of economic added value within the next 10 or 15 years:

  • direct economic value that will create direct green growth thanks to the energetic services and the innovative sector deployment,
  • indirect economic value created by the competitiveness resulting from the previous development by offering a clean, price stable, and competitive energy and services,
  • induced economic value created by marketing radiance and assuring a good level attractiveness and visibility for business development.

 

The first quantitative approach developed in the thesis demonstrates that these developments can produce for example the following results over the next 10-15 years: more than 20M€/year of new port revenues, a cumulated production power of 1400 MW of clean energy (electrical and thermal), a reduction of about 1MT of CO2 production, the development of around 2 000 new jobs related to energy transition.

Market analysis and market entry strategy for renewable energy storage technologies, with a focus on Power-to-Gas
AuthorHyazinth Immanuel Hennel
Professional backgroundMechanical Engineer
Advice for future students"If you are continuously studying (e.g. on LU's) from the very beginning you can allow yourself shorter study intervals for a sufficient Work-Life-Balance and you don't run out of time at the end of the semesters".
Experience with the MBA Renewables"The MBA Renewable program is a great opportunity to get an interdisciplinary insight view in the field of renewables and to meet interesting people from all over the world".

Abstract of the thesis:

The topic of this Master Thesis, which will be dealt with, is energy storage with a focus on Power-to-Gas (PtG), as energy storage solutions should be more and more important in countries with a high share of renewable energies on the overall energy mix. Nevertheless potential investors like Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEM`s) have nowadays a reserved position to invest into energy storage solutions, due the uncertainty if energy markets really require energy storage and if an investment is accompanied by economic success. Therefore relevant markets will be analyzed according their macro-economic boundary conditions and an economic evaluation will be conducted by the simulation of suitable business models. Finally corporate measurements for successful market entry will be identified for companies with strategically interest to invest into energy storage solutions. The outcome has identified that the current situation on a national and international market level only allow commercialization of PtG by limitation or is accompanied of high economical risk when being applied. Nevertheless PtG can be of high relevance on the medium or long term, when very high fractions of renewable energies exist. Therefore companies of this sector should identify which role they would like to play in the future energy storage market and what measurements are therefore required.

Nearly Zero Energy Building Refurbishments in General Hospital Varaždin
AuthorZlatko Bacelic Medic
Professional backgroundMechanical engineer, working in Energy Efficiency and Renewables
Advice for future students"Just keep going when it's hardest and try to manage your time wisely".
Experience with the MBA Renewables"A lot of hard work, but a lot of fun and constructive discussions with colleagues from around the world. All in all, a truly wonderful experience!"

Abstract of the thesis:

This research is focused on the issue of nearly Zero Energy Building refurbishments in General Hospital Varaždin. The research is envisaged as a comprehensive analysis of 22 buildings of General Hospital Varaždin intended to determine the primary energy consumption levels which could be achieved with a combination of energy efficiency and renewable energy measures. Thesis establishes the baseline in terms of construction and energy characteristics as the first step. This step facilitates further development of the research in terms of defining the energy efficiency and renewable energy measures, as well as meeting the regulatory requirements related to energy efficiency in general and nearly Zero Energy building requirements. Effects of energy efficiency and renewable energy measures are quantified through calculation procedures defined by the regulation, as well as using software tools. After determining the impact of energy efficiency and renewable energy measures on energy consumption of each building, the overall financial impact was assessed. Finding the combination of proposed energy efficiency and renewable energy measures which maximizes the Net Present Value for each building was done with a cost-optimal analysis. The search for cost-optimal refurbishment solutions for each building also included finding the energy costs, CO2 emission costs, maintenance costs and final values throughout the period of 20 years. The results suggest that existing hospital buildings such as buildings in General Hospital Varaždin can be refurbished to meet nearly Zero Energy Building requirements set out in the regulation. Research has confirmed the expectations related to nearly Zero Energy buildings, but also uncovered a big gap in the obtained values and the regulatory requirements.

A Smart City Modelling and Benchmarking Framework Focus on Energy: Sustainability and Resilience
AuthorDavid Naville
Professional backgroundCurrency and Commodities Derivatives – Quantitative Analysis and Structuring
Advice for future students"The MBA Renewables is a two and half/three years’ program – plan your time accordingly, especially with regards to mapping the MBA cursus to your career development".
Experience with the MBA Renewables"The MBA Renewables strikes the right balance between learning the core concepts of renewable energy sources and understanding the business aspects linked to the energy space. It is also a great opportunity to widen your network and interact with people from different parts of the world and with different professional backgrounds".

Abstract of the thesis:

The concept of Smart City first appears in 1994. However, a key year is 1997, when the Kyoto Protocol gets signed. Given the rapid growth in urbanization and the resulting issues, the need to approach cities and their conception and organization in a more planned way becomes obvious at that time. Since then, many initiatives have been undertaken to formalize the concept of Smart Cities. Those initiatives all share the same goals of making a city more livable, sustainable and resilient, as well as improving the quality of life of its population. Given the fairly new concept of Smart Cities – around 20 years – this, so far, has been an astonishingly active space for urban innovation, public and private collaboration, and forward steps in infrastructure and development. With the uprising of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), Smart Cities extend the century-old concept of urbanism. The master thesis is based on L. Anthopoulos’ article “Comparing Cities with Different Modeling Approaches”. In his paper, Anthopoulos systematically reviews the scholar papers and articles from the industry that model as well as benchmark Smart Cities. His literature review spans from 1997 to 2015. The search outputs eight models for Smart Cities, and eight benchmarking frameworks. The first part of the master thesis provides an analysis of each of these Smart Cities models and benchmarking frameworks, along with key take-aways, contrasts and similarities. The second part of the master thesis illustrates Smart City concepts with real case studies of the City of Lausanne, in Switzerland. Lausanne is the author’s hometown. As such, the Smart Cities initiatives undertaken by the City of Lausanne are directly connected to the Smart Cities models and benchmarking frameworks analysed all along the master thesis. It allows to better tackle answering to the two research questions of the thesis: “Is Lausanne a Smart City?”, and “What is Smart about the City of Lausanne?” The domain of energy, taken at large - from energy efficiency to energy demand and supply management, power and heat generation, waste-to-energy - and from the standpoints of resilience and sustainability, is of special focus throughout the thesis.

Renewable Energy to scale up agricultural production and productivity in Mozambique: The solar PV and windmills technologies vis-a-vis financing issues.
AuthorAntónio Osvaldo Saíde
Professional backgroundPhysicist
Advice for future studentsSelf-commitment is key
Experience with the MBA RenewablesHigh quality methodology

Abstract of the thesis:

Abstract of the thesis: Based on two well-known renewable energy technologies in Mozambique (solar PV pumps and wind-powered pumps) for drinking water, results of an attempt to project their future models to boost small and medium farmers’ irrigation systems approach. Moreover, it will focus on financial aspects related to the technologies covered in this study. The likely contribution of renewable energy options to improve agriculture production and productivity considered in the study to the projected energy demand for irrigation water pumping systems in Mozambique. Lastly, it also will be evaluated based on technology and financing issues the appropriate model to disseminate in the country. Of course, aligned with existing financing window of opportunities and its requirements taking into account the learning effect observed in the study.

Feasibility Analysis of Reconfiguring Conventional Underground Water to Solar Powered Pumping Systems in Nigeria
AuthorFemi Alimi Ayeni
Professional backgroundMechanical Engineer with over 9 years experience in Water and Renewable Energy Engineering projects
Advice for future students"Take the programme seriously despite challenges of combining work with studies as this is what it takes to have full understanding of how things work in the renewable energy sector".
Experience with the MBA Renewables"I like the blended approach used in the programme between Renac and Beuth. This has helped to bridge the gap between practical and theoretical knowledge".

Abstract of the thesis:

This thesis describes the Feasibility Analysis of Reconfiguring Conventional Underground Water to Solar Powered Pumping Systems in Nigeria. It also examines selected problems associated with water and power supply in Nigeria, performance of various underground water projects across the country, Solar energy resources in Nigeria as well as the possibilities of replacing the conventional water pumping systems with solar powered from both technical and economic points of view. The economic analysis was done using the Life Cycle Cost Approach which is the total cost of all system components over its lifetime typically between 10 to 15 years. The most significant parameters of the life cycle costs put into consideration are initial costs, energy costs, and maintenance costs. Economic Analysis was equally done to determine the Net Present Value (NPV), Internal Rate of Return (IRR) and Cost Benefit ratio while running the system with diesel, grid and solar PV separately as power source. The results revealed that running the system with solar PV gives a quicker return on investment with a Net Present Value (NPV) of 6,468.02 Euro and an Internal Rate of Return (IRR) of 22% as well as a Cost Benefit Ratio of one at the seventh year. It was also justified that running same on either diesel or national grid is neither profitable nor sustainable as the status of the power supply from the national grid is epileptic and unreliable with an average power production of 2,500MW against the projected power requirement of 12GW for a population around 182 million.

Identification of structural organizational conditions and other key influencing factors to develop a model for effective North-South NGO Partnerships
AuthorDaniela Floris
Professional backgroundIndustrial and no profit organization management
Advice for future students"No pain no gain."

Abstract of the thesis:

Available researches on strategic partnerships between Northern and Southern NGOs mainly have the aim of identifying the factors that affect the success of North-South partnerships in project development management, when the Northern partner acts as a donor and the Southern partner acts as an implementer. This research is aimed at identifying those factors that can determine the success or the failure of a North–South partnership in a situation where the Northern partner can act at the same time as a donor and as a project implementer. In such a situation the Northern NGO can opt to act as unique implementer or as a co-implementer in partnerships with Southern NGOs. When the Northern NGO is both funding and co-implementing a project it has more possibilities to better understand strengths and weaknesses of the co-implementing partners and can also design a model tailored for specific partnerships that better responds to the practical needs of both the Northern NGO and its Southern partners. This research was conducted considering a case study of strategic partnerships between a Northern NGO, fictionally named Tupopamoja, based in Italy, and seven of its Southern NGO partners located in different countries: Kenya, Tanzania, Benin, Cambodia, India. The initial findings were identified from the literature and substantiated with focus group discussions and semi-structured interviews involving key managers of both Tupopamoja and its seven Southern partners. A qualitative content analysis method was used to analyze the data gathered for this study. Thirty seven influential factors were identified from the literature and initially grouped in nine categories; in a second stage, they were re-clustered according to two themes, from which a model for the management of strategic partnerships was then developed. Basically, the model can support Tupopamoja when it has to decide whether and how to work in partnership according to its strategy, Mission and Vision. Furthermore, the model can help the Northern organization to better understand which are the consequences of its choices in terms of governance and partnership management. The study reveals the fact that the ability of an organization to work in partnership depends mostly on its capacity in designing feasible partnership projects where the decisional power is as much as possible equally distributed and where goals, mutual benefits and expectation are shared and agreed. Partnerships designed as if they were projects can be managed through well-known tools widely used in international development cooperation like Project Cycle Management and Logical Framework.

Technical, financial and bankability analysis of offshore transformer modules as an innovative cost cutting alternative in the French offshore wind industry
AuthorRassim Hariz
Professional backgroundWith a background in marine engineering, I have been working on several offshore wind projects (FR, DE, DK) as a Project Manager in charge of consent, EIA, maritime safety and site investigation operations for engineering purposes (foundations & cables). My responsibilities included mainly running tenders, contract negotiation/management, claims management, onshore and offshore supervision and reporting to Board members of a consortium including wpd offshore, EDF, DONG, and GE/Alstom as an exclusive WTGs supplier. Recently, I have been appointed as a technical & commercial coordinator within wpd offshore France in order to coordinate the overall offshore wind tender on the different packages. I have also a consultancy experience in the Mediterranean and English Channel regarding marine traffic regulation, oil spills management, development of the maritime highways concept and Maritime Spatial Planning within national agencies (Algeria, France) but also with the EU and UNEP.
Advice for future students"It is really worth attending this unique Renewables programme if you intend to take an active role in the energy future".
Experience with the MBA Renewables"Thanks to this MBA in Renewables and Energy Efficiency, I developed a set of skills in investment & financing, marketing, economic, technical, legal, political and organizational knowledge tailored to the specific needs of the different renewables technologies... and not only in the offshore wind markets!".

Abstract of the thesis:

Offshore wind is considered as a central energy within the renewables mix promoted by the European Commission. As it is a young industry, the costs are obviously higher compared to the market energy prices. This is why, we observe a general pressure from governments to trigger a momentum towards costs reduction for offshore wind projects. Germany, Denmark and the UK are the European leaders in terms of offshore wind installed capacity. France still faces several challenges to promote this industry due mainly to instable legal schemes and high implementation costs. Among the options that could allow a cost cutting application, the collection and transmission system package and particularly the offshore module transformers developed by Siemens seem to be interesting to analyze in order to assess their cost reduction potential. Within this research work, several analysis involve technical, financial and bankability assessment in order to confirm the suitability and attractiveness of this solution in the French offshore wind market and under which conditions.

Assessment of a 100% renewable electricity sector in the Faroe Islands in 2030, from the power company perspective
AuthorTerji Nielsen
Professional backgroundDipl. Ing. E.E. (hons)
Advice for future students"It is hard at time, but for sure possible if you put enough effort into it".
Experience with the MBA Renewables"With a technical background, this study completed me as both person and colleague".

Abstract of the thesis:

Renewable energy targets have taken many forms since their emergence in the 1970s, and have ranged from simple government announcements to legally- binding obligations with detailed plans and specific policy measures to achieve the targets.
Also the Faroe Islands, an archipelago in the North Atlantic Ocean, has set high goals for a renewable energy sector by 2030, and this report attempts to set up a deployment plan for renewable technologies in order to accomplish the ambitious goal of a 100% clean and carbon-free electricity production in the Faroe Islands by 2030.   For many years, the Faroe Islands has imported expensive oil for electric power generation, and has suffered greatly from high oil prices in the last decades. While oil consumption in the electricity sector has nearly doubled from 1995 through 2013, due to a natural growth in electricity demand, oil expenses have increased by more than a factor of eight, from €2.4 million in 1995 up to more than €22.4 million in 2013. Additionally, substantial amounts of oil are used for heating and transport in the Faroe Islands. Decreasing the dependency on oil is the most critical challenge in order to ensure the future economy of the Faroe Islands (Faroese Ministry of Interior, 2009). In October 2014, the Faroese Electricity Company SEV announced its so-called Green Vision for a 100% clean and carbon-free electricity production by 2030, which also envisioned that electrical energy demand would increase as a result of a future electrification, and that the heating of homes and buildings and land transport would be based on renewable energy. Due to its favorable site conditions, the Faroe Islands is surrounded by an abundance of renewable energy in many different forms like hydro, wind, tidal and, to a certain extent, solar energy. With these renewable energy resources, together with advanced ancillary services, Smart Grid technologies and energy storage systems, etc., it is realistic to have an electricity production in 2030 based on renewable energy alone. For years in the Faroe Islands, the renewable energy resources of hydro and wind contributed approximately 40% of the total electricity generation, with the remaining 60% provided by fossil fuel. However, after a new wind park was installed in 2014, and additional expansion of the hydropower capacity, 2015 was the first year with 60% renewable electricity generation in the Faroe Islands since 1973. The purpose of this thesis is to assess the different available renewable resources in the Faroe Islands and which technologies will be available supporting the goal of a 100% renewable electricity production in 2030, taking into account a 100% onshore electrification of heating and transport. As the share of variable renewable energy increases, it becomes harder to balance production and demand. Therefore, a storage system is deemed necessary to help maintain grid stability and energy security, storing excess renewable energy at times when renewable production is higher than the load, and releasing energy at times when the renewable energy cannot meet load demand. Therefore, a preliminary assessment of a pumped storage system is conducted.   An investment plan is prepared outlining the considered activities in a renewable energy deployment plan, and the total projected capital costs for the proposed 100% renewable energy scenario in 2030. Finally, to demonstrate the economic attractiveness of the Green Vision, a comparison is made between two extreme scenarios in order to quantify the avoided cost of oil. Scenario 1 assumes no further integration of renewable energy into the national grid. Scenario 2 assumes electricity production is derived from 100% renewable energy in 2030.

Economic Appraisal of Introducing Energy Efficiency in the Public Sector: Overview of existing economic methods with ex-post application to Sustainable Energy Management program in Croatia
AuthorMia Dragovic
Professional backgroundEnergy efficiency expert working on: - energy efficiency legislative groundwork, consultancy on energy efficiency - cost-effectiveness of small renewables and ESCO’s for the private sector - developing sustainable projects (IPA, IEE, HORIZON). Main area of expertise: energy efficiency policy, cost-benefit analysis, planning and measurement and verification of EE measures.
Advice for future students"The workload is manageable and the programme is worth doing, just make sure you do set aside time for work all along the year, not only before the due dates. And definitely make use of group work and ability to meet many wonderful experts among your peers".
Experience with the MBA Renewables"I am glad I chose RENAC and BEUTH for my master’s study. Both the people I met, the professors, and all the classes were very valuable to me. The program is designed in such a way that it is necessary to work in groups and get to know other peers, which means organizing skype calls with people all around the world and sharing different views on RE and sustainability matters. It was a great experience and aided me in my work".

Abstract of the thesis:

Often times, energy efficiency projects in the public sector are being done ad-hoc, evaluating cost-effectiveness on the project level instead of the program or portfolio level. This leads to disregarded administrative costs and missing the opportunity to achieve greatest economic and energy savings. Chosen measures are usually not straightforward; the ambiguity develops from identifying which economic methods to use, which costs and benefits to regard or disregard and how to quantify them, what energy indicators to rely on, what savings methods to use and when to measure the savings, as well as what reference scenario to compare the savings with. This research tackles these questions and addresses this unsystematic and less effective approach to introducing energy efficiency in public buildings, by proving that it is more beneficial to approach energy efficiency measure implementation on a program rather than project level. Public sector was chosen because implementing programs in the public sector influences all sectors and can serve as an example of best practice for citizens to apply in their homes. Public buildings usually make up a largest portion of public sector energy costs, and carry a potential for great energy savings. Both literature review presented in chapter 1, and cost effectiveness test descried in chapter 2 and performed in chapter 4, prove that it is beneficial to introduce energy management of entire building stock before choosing which buildings to refurbish; administrative costs of introducing a comprehensive energy management of entire building stock significantly outweigh the additional costs. Different existing economic appraisal methods for measuring overall program cost-effectiveness of energy efficiency public programs are discussed, and a Total resource cost test was applied to a test set of simulated data on the City of Zagreb, Croatia. The research results in methodology (chapter 4.1) for taking a systematic approach when choosing optimal public buildings for refurbishment. Findings of this research are important as a strong indicator that energy efficiency measures have a significant positive impact on the development of local government, and the theoretical part gives starting ground for a public body implementing energy efficiency measures. The results of this research could be a starting ground for developing more accurate methods of quantifying both direct and indirect energy efficiency benefits in the public sector.

Photosynthetic Bacteria and Algae-based Biofuels used as Renewable Energy Resource
AuthorSani Salisu
Professional backgroundEducation - Chemical/ Biochemical Engineer. Currently work as a Chemical Raw Materials Procurement Manager.
Advice for future students"Do not hesitate to take active part in discussions and bring in your ideas and initiatives. The summer on-campus courses are “a must” for all students".
Experience with the MBA Renewables"It is an opportunity to study and collaborate with an international team of students. It was fun and challenging".

Abstract of the thesis:

The two major challenges in global energy systems are to reduce energy-related greenhouse gas emissions and to maintain energy supply security. This thesis presents one solution to both problems. It proposes strategies for the transformation of Microorganisms system into 100% renewable, stable and almost emission-free energy systems without making use of nuclear energy or carbon capture and storage. Biofuels made from microalgae hold the potential to solve many of the sustainability challenges facing other biofuels today. In the first part, bioenergy is analysed in the broader context of climate change, energy systems and land use in order to estimate the sustainable potential of global bioenergy. Then, a techno-economic and ecologic analysis of bioenergy pathways is done in order to identify the strategic role of bioenergy in the next generation renewable energy. The thesis work tries to define Biofuels made from photosynthetic bacteria and microalgae as the  main feedstock holding the potential to solve many of the sustainability challenges facing other biofuels today.

Financing Renewable Energy Innovations in Europe: Investment Criteria of Early Stage Investors and Guidelines for the Business Plan Development in the Context of Wave Energy Conversion
AuthorJean-Luc Jacob
Professional backgroundCurrent position at German universal Bank: Group leader Commodities Trading – extensive experience related to capital markets in previous positions
Advice for future students"Do not forget the unpredictable in your time planning".
Experience with the MBA Renewables"The MBA is a unique platform to get to work together with professionals from various geographical areas and backgrounds".

Abstract of the thesis:

This paper questions the ability of current public and private early-stage funding of new RE technology in Europe to promote innovation to an extend in accordance with the ambitious COP21 targets. The necessary analysis of the specific environment of wholesale power markets in Europe reveals a need for a change of paradigm in its organisation alongside with the necessity to elaborate a “post-subsidy era” methodology to evaluate RE power plants from fluctuating renewable energy. The study focuses on Ocean Energy, expected to count for 10% of total European power production by 2050. The PEST analysis, combined to a bottom-up approach performed using a promising example of a technology innovation in the Wave Energy Conversion area, reveals a number of potential improvements. While public support is mainly indirect, because driven towards project finance, innovators are suffering from increased uncertainty, and so likelihood of total loss, due to their dependence on future support policies. Compared to any other venture-capital proposal new RE technology is suffering from the pure price (LCOE) value proposition. In the case of Wave Energy Conversion alternative business models in combination with other areas of the blue economy, such as aquaculture, marina infrastructure and erosion management are conceivable.

Solar power for IT office buildings in India: Evaluating cost benefits and ancillary advantages
AuthorSakthi Ganesh Jayakumar
Professional backgroundBachelor of Engineering , IT Professional
Advice for future students"Learn from each other as there will be experienced professionals with varied background as fellow students. Master thesis tip – It will always take more time than you think, to properly format your thesis".
Experience with the MBA Renewables"I enjoyed being a student of the MBA Renewables course. It was a fantastic opportunity to learn about the renewable technology, the market insights, the management aspects of this field and the bigger picture in general. The group works were very useful to implement the theory to practical scenarios".

Abstract of the thesis:

The Master’s Thesis evaluates the financial feasibility of integrating Renewable Energy in Information Technology (IT) companies located in India, the advantages of implementing renewable energy from the company’s perspective and also from the perspective of the community. The thesis will specifically explore the following key aspects:

  • Overview of the Indian IT Market
  • Existing power sector setup and challenges in the Southern India
  • Overview of existing state policies in Southern India with respect to renewable energy
  • Explore the various renewable options available for the IT companies and their suitability
  • Evaluate the financial viability of integrating renewable energy for a typical IT Company
  • Advantages of implementing the renewable energy from company’s perspective
  • Positive effects on the state DISCOMs because of the self-generation by IT companies
  • Impact on the community and on Indian economy in general due to the reduced burden on the Grid.


With regards to the scientific methods applied, the thesis will undertake Documentary analysis using Secondary data relevant to integrating renewable energy to the energy mix of the IT companies and also Cost Benefit analysis of an example project. The research undertaken and methods applied are to provide a comprehensive answer to the following questions:

  • Is it financially viable to implement renewable energy in Indian IT Companies?
  • What are the other possible benefits for the company implementing renewable energy for their own consumption?
  • What ancillary advantages can be expected by self-generation of electricity by IT companies?


The results of this thesis is expected to shed light on the suitable renewable energy technology for IT companies, key requirements for the financial viability of integrating renewable energy in IT companies and the expected benefits from the companies perspective and from the community’s perspective.

Strategies to enter and stimulate the Colombian PV market
AuthorDiana Maria Ramos Perez
Professional backgroundA versatile Chemical Engineer with postgraduate studies in Environmental engineering. A proven track record on climate change mitigation, corporate social responsibility and clean production. Wide experience in the identification and development of greenhouse mitigation projects and Monitoring, Reporting and Verification –MRV- practices of CDM projects and programmes according to UNFCCC’s rules and procedures. Extensive experience as a consultant as in one of the big four consultancy companies and as a freelancer.
Advice for future students"The on-campus time and group assignments are unique opportunities for strengthening a work net with classmates and professors".
Experience with the MBA Renewables"The MBA renewables put together a diverse background on technical, political, administrative and financial fields. It is a really enriching learning experience. The partnership between Beuth Hochschule für Technik Berlin and RENAC is a perfect match that joints theoretical and practical knowledge".

Abstract of the thesis:

In Colombia there is a special name for renewable energies. Since more than 60% of national installed power capacity is from hydropower, a renewable source, the other renewable sources (PV, wind, geothermic, biomass and ocean) and small hydro plants are called Non-Conventional Renewable Energy Sources, NCRES. The NCRES in Colombia have been historically lagging behind national energy supply alternatives. Only until May 2014 it was approved Law 1715, which introduces concrete incentives for a broader use of NCRES. One of the Niches of Opportunity for NCRES identified by the national government is photovoltaic (PV) systems. This master’s thesis has analysed key macro-environmental factors of the PV Colombian market by a PESTLE (political, economic, social, technological, legal and environmental) analysis. Overall, the macro-factors identified in the analysis enable to see the potential of Colombian photovoltaic market, its strengths and opportunities. However, there are also threats and weaknesses, which were identified in a SWOT analysis developed in this study after the PESTEL analysis. Both analysis (PESTLE and SWOT) were useful to identify recommendations for strengthening the PV market and expanding its volume, and to access potential niche opportunities in this market. The first type of recommendations is addressed to local market participants and the second one, to national and international participants who want to explore or expand business opportunities in the Colombian PV market.
It is concluded from the market analysis and other information gathered in this study, that the Colombian PV market is very close to a turning point where this technology will start to be more attractive to a greater number of scenarios. Currently, this technology is profitable only in non-interconnected areas where photovoltaic energy replaces fossil sources in autonomous systems. Nevertheless, a greater number of small-scale facilities for commercial and industrial users in urban areas that are interested in using PV systems is observed. Consequently, new scenarios will be attractive as soon the National Government completes the formulation of law 1715 regulation.
The general recommendation is that this is a good time for companies in the PV technology supply chain to approach the Colombian market for learning about their context and gaining local experience. The study identified some business opportunities in the current context to approach the Colombian market. Additionally, when the National Government finishes regulating the incentives developed for the NCRES, the economic viability of PV systems in diverse scenarios will be confirmed and it would set the rules that PV projects would need to handle.

Market Strategy Options for BIPV in the Middle East
AuthorMichel Battikh
Professional backgroundRenewable energy project engineer, BSc. in Mechanical engineering, MSc. in solar energy engineering
Advice for future students"Choose the tasks which you know nothing about so you learn more"
Experience with the MBA Renewables"Great team with great people who are doing their tasks passionately".

Abstract of the thesis:

This study starts with a summary of the current building integrated PV technologies available in the market with their advantages and examples of their applications in the middles east region. After that an environmental study covering technical, financial, and legal aspects of the PV market in this regions. Based on that a market segment in the BIPV sector was chosen and marketing strategy is prepared for a company working in this market segment evaluating the market potential and expected revenues. 

Development of an Integrated Business Plan for a Photovoltaic Modules Assembly Plant in Tanzania
AuthorBennie Muberwa Mushumbusi
Professional backgroundRailway Signalling and Telecom’s Engineer, Electrical Engineer
Advice for future students"Time management may be a big challenge for individuals working and attending this course. On needs to dedicate a minimum of two (2) hours daily for this course, if a student have to learn and perform well".
Experience with the MBA Renewables"MBA Renewable Program was very comprehensive supported with good lecture and lecture materials. It is a good recipe for individuals to be involved in Conversional and Renewable Energy projects of large scale. After completing this course, I am confident to handle many project of such nature".

Abstract of the thesis:

The purpose of this research is to develop an integrated business model plan proposition to assemble photovoltaic modules in Tanzania.  All photovoltaic modules (PV) being utilized in the country and neighbouring countries of Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Malawi, Zambia, Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi are imported mostly from China. The need for PV modules is increasing day by day due to awareness of the availability and free energy exploited from the sun and means to convert this energy into electric power has increasing become known tremendously.
There has been a lot of initiatives by the government to introduce macro structural adjustments for economic development in the region to attract investments in various areas, yet not a single PV assembly plant venture has been established. Having such plant locally brings a lot of benefits including making PV-modules readily available, avoidance of counterfeit, creating employment, which helps to alleviate poverty and promoting quality of life in the rural settlements away from utility grid. In addition, having such venture will greatly support mitigation initiative on environmental degradation, ultimately the country becoming less dependent on imported PV-modules. 
This study applied various methods and techniques such as financial, market, and economic analysis, and determination of key performance indicator (KPIs) using financial parameters and ratios, while integrating the assessment of the environmental impact in rural Tanzania and neighbouring countries, which to a large extent has influenced the decision for the business model being proposed. 
To address the research problem, qualitative and quantitative data were collected and collated to establish the viability of the business proposition. The investment model developed by the prospecting investor –Tanzanite Solar Company Ltd. (TSCL), is mainly based on the local macro economy, the local and neighbouring countries’ markets depending on the market potential and competition, the choice of technology, the country’s tax structure and the financing arrangement.
Alike, studies done else-where with or without success have been reviewed in this research, in anticipation to uncover possible impact negating or promoting use of solar energy, creating local employment, reduce dependence on imported PV-modules and reduction of greenhouse gases (GHG) due to deforestation. 
Keywords: reduction of greenhouse gases, availability of free energy, mitigate environmental degradation, deforestation, rural communities, counterfeit, integrated business plan model, photovoltaic modules assembly plant, Tanzanite Solar Company Ltd.

Incentives for construction and operation of pumped storage power plants
AuthorAnna Katharina Meyer
Professional backgroundDevelopment cooperation with political background
Advice for future students"I was able to study from all over the world, with class mates from all over the world. Flexible but not anonymous at all".
Experience with the MBA Renewables"Choose the tasks for the group work you are interested in, not the ones which seem to be the easiest for you! The groups are generally quite strong and you can get so much out of it".

Abstract of the thesis:

The master thesis outlines current framework conditions for new pumped hydro storage plants and identifies needs for improvement in order to increase profitability prospects for an infrastructure needed within a future energy system based on renewable energy. To come up with specific suggestions, the author analysed a wide range of incentives and political reform options.

Implementing energy management system using the application of ISO 50001 at Geberit Produktions AG as example
AuthorAlbolfazl Hassanzadeh
Professional backgroundElectrical Engineer, IT SAP consultant, Project Manager Logistics
Advice for future students"Don't hold off too long on doing master thesis".

Abstract of the thesis:

The energy provision issues, security of supply and energy costs, occupy the agenda of most governments and organisations for many years. Energy production, transport and distribution are regarded as fundamental elements of national economy. Provision of energy needs to be managed like any other consuming goods in daily life. Energy management systems provide a tool to formalise energy management and to establish a companywide common process. To address energy and environmental management, the International Organisation for Standardization (ISO) provides two management systems, the ISO 14001 for environment and the ISO 50001 for energy.
These two ISO standards have many overlapping requirements. To utilise these commonalities at Geberit Productions AG in Rapperswil-Jona, Switzerland, this work analyses the existing environmental management system ISO 14001 and conducts a gap analysis on the basis of ISO 14001. The key points of this work are to establish consumption baseline, energy review and as a last step in the sequence, preparation of an action plan.

Concentrated solar thermal using graphite storage blocks: Feasibility of application for industrial steam generation in Abu Dhabi
AuthorMichel Abi Nakad
Professional backgroundGeneral Manager – BUTEC UAE
Advice for future students"For me, completing MBA in Renewables was a real challenge at the start. But later, with the help of qualified staff and learning tools at BEUTH & RENAC, it became a real choice and pleasure."
Experience with the MBA Renewables"Highly motivating program designed for people who cannot attend regular university on-campus courses, but seeking professional technical, managerial and financial skills in RE & EE."

Abstract of the thesis:

This master’s thesis presents the potential of using the graphite storage technology to store solar energy reflected by concentrated solar field using toroidal heliostats. It explores the advantage of the newly developped SOLASTOR solar receiver block that uses high purity crystalline graphite to store thermal energy.

The focus of the application will be on Abu Dhabi market that holds large potential for the use of concentrated solar power using SOLASTOR steam generators integrated in different applications, such as the use of steam for EOR, solar district coolingand industrial thermal machineries. Finally, a case study on a food processing factory in Abu Dhabi is prepared to identify the technical and economic benefits of using roof mounted SOLASTOR modules for air conditioning and process equipment cooling demand.
Investigation of innovative solar financing and operation schemes as catalyzer for chilean residential and small scale commercial photovoltaic plants up to one megawatt peak
AuthorDavid Rau
Professional backgroundRegional Manager Alusín Solar Chile SpA and CEO Flux Solar SpA
Advice for future students"The MBA Renewables counts with a flexible team and management in order to enable a complex Master study in parallel to your working ambitions".
Experience with the MBA Renewables"The MBA Renewables has been a great opportunity to strengthen technical expertise with economical and financial background. I highly recommend it".

Abstract of the thesis:

An important difference is that solar as a service not only offers a financial solution to the client but represents a complete change in the way solar energy is being offered and used. It alters the solar company from being a retailer of technological solutions to a service provider selling electricity and the right to use solar power to its clients. For commercial clients it also represents a form of off-balance financing. What is more it takes all responsibilities and risks from the client facilitating the complete process. Revenues for the solar company are generated by long term monthly payments within a leasing contract of a Power Purchase Agreement instead of onetime down payments.
Microfinancing and Crowdfunding also found to be quite successful in its international implementations but the evaluation within this study indicates that both methods do not represent universal solutions but a specialized financing solution for certain circumstances. So for example microfinancing has been successfully implemented in Bangladesh in order to massify the use of solar systems in the poor and rural population.
Accordingly, it has been demonstrated that business model innovation with third party financing mechanisms are being implemented internationally and count with relevant success in its field. The named forms of business model innovation, so-lar as a service, microfinancing and crowdfunding offer new significant growth potential in the solar sector and especially solar as a service demonstrated the ability to disrupt stagnated electricity markets.

The economic framework of productive use of renewable energy in the agricultural sector as a way of accelerating rural electrification in Africa - A comparative study of policy and economic framework of small hydropower for rural electrification, irrigation and agro-processing in Mozambique and Zimbabwe
AuthorCrispen Norman Zvidzai Zana
Professional backgroundMechanical Engineer – (Specialised in Construction and Energy) - Appropriate Technology Specialist - Rural Development Projects Manager

Abstract of the thesis:

The hypothesis is that “the main problem for establishing a viable renewable energy sector in the rural areas of Mozambique and Zimbabwe is because the efforts are normally not directly linked to the main source of rural economy which is agriculture”.
This research was triggered by the desire to eradicate Poverty in Africa which is still extreme where, according to the MDG Report of 2013, the number of people living on less than $1.25 per day is the highest in the world. This is strange though considering that the irrigation development in Africa is estimated at 600million hectares of potential and only less than 6% is utilised.
Despite abundance of renewable energy resources in Africa the development progress in energy development is amazingly slow. According to IEA over 620 million people in Africa have no access to modern energy services, and as low as only two percent of those living in rural areas have no access to any electricity. Although there is potential to generate 1,750TWh/year in Africa, the total installed hydropower capacity to date in the whole continent is only about 20.3GW that is generating only 76TWh/year which is 4.3% of the potential.
The objective of this research was to investigate where the problem is in terms of policies and strategic frame conditions and what concrete added value would electricity bring to the agricultural sector in the rural areas of Mozambique and Zimbabwe.  This research focused on Small Hydropower (SHP) because the technology is much more mature and has more potential for decentralised rural electrification in the two countries and has had a long history as well.
The Research Results of the Energy Policies and Strategic Frameworks established that several global, continental, regional and national policies exist that could pave an efficient way of Promoting Small Hydropower to boost rural electrification including the Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All) Initiative calling for universal access for all by 2030; the Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA) to promote industrialization and structural economic transformation through value addition strategies in the agricultural and industrial sectors; and both Mozambique and Zimbabwe have made significant progress in shaping their Renewable Energy policies. The research results on the demand for electricity in rural areas established that the demand is very high however the purchasing power is not obvious for the investors. In terms of investment and financing potential of SHP and associated risk the research results showed that if productive use of energy component would be included in the financial modelling of rural electrification projects they would be viable and the PBP would be reduced to less than a third making it more attractive for the investors.
 In conclusion the productive use of energy should be at the centre of rural electrification with irrigation and agro-processing at the top of the list in order to make rural electrification and renewable energy projects successful and profitable. There is need for harmonisation of national sector policies and strategic plans for energy development, agriculture and agro-processing industry. In order to guarantee sustainability it is important to integrate rural electrification using small hydropower and irrigation schemes that will eventually improve the attitude of rural people as investors and beneficiaries of electricity making them proactive and thereby remove the donor dependency syndrome.

Developing the best expansion strategy for a Jordanian solar firm into the GCC
AuthorFadi Marji
Professional backgroundDirector of Operations & Development - Izzat Marji
Director of Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Department - Izzat Marji Group
B.Sc. Electrical Engineering, University of Jordan, 1993
MBA Renewables, Beuth University of Applied Sciences – Berlin, 2015
Certified CEM® (Certified Energy Manager) by AEE (Association of Energy Engineers), 2014
Certified REP® (Renewable Energy Professional) by AEE, 2011
Certified “REP® trainer” by AEE, 2011
Advice for future students"Try not to make getting the degree your only purpose, likewise concentrate on growing your insight through pursuing extra reading and keeping up-to-date with the latest innovation advancements and industry news.
Toward the end, your journey will be your award; in addition, you would get the MBA Renewables degree as your additional bonus!"
Experience with the MBA Renewables"The MBA Renewables Programme, being well structured and diversified in both the technical and business areas of RE and EE, would definitely lift your knowledge to an absolutely new level. It was astonishing to me how the diverse learning areas were connected to RE and EE in a remarkable manner. There are no doubts that it would put you on the right track for your own investigations.
I really cannot find anything to criticize this program. The most interesting and impressive part was the practical on-campus time".

Abstract of the thesis:

Izzat Marji Group (IMG) is a main leading Jordanian Company that incorporates Solar PV amongst its activities. This thesis explores the best expansion strategy for IMG into the Corporate Gulf Council (GCC) region. The research begins with the examination of the background information of IMG, then by distinguishing its most decisive key success factors, motives and challenges to venture into the GCC market.
The exploration analyzes the situation in three of the GCC countries: Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Dubai. At that point, the selection criteria are resolved to recognize the preferred country into which the first footstep ought to be taken. Apparently, the potential demand for Solar PV in these virgin markets is very high, yet in the meanwhile, the risk and uncertainty of doing a concrete business is elevated. Considering this eccentric and unpredictable market situation and taking into account the other relevant factors and circumstances, the business idea is formed. The best expansion strategy has been closed by ‘'setting up the business office in Dubai Jebel Ali Free Zone, focusing on the market in Kuwait, and getting the engineering support from Jordan’.
Considering this business concept, the market in the selected country ‘Kuwait’ is examined and the influencing factors are recognized. Appropriately, the favored market access strategy is determined to satisfy the particular market needs while in the meantime bearing in mind accommodating the capabilities of IMG.
Finally, the organizational business setup is established, encompassing all the essential elements to do a successful and sustainable business. Throughout the time, the outlook for the future growth prospects are constantly remembered.

Sustainability development in mobile telecommunication sector
AuthorKareem Abu Eid
Professional backgroundClean Energy & Sustainability Services - Ernst & Young
Advice for future students"This is a specialized MBA that could enhance your professional development".
Risk management of municipalisation of electricity grids in Germany
AuthorDirk Kalusa
Professional backgroundHead of Department Business Promotion for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency
Advice for future students"Strong self-discipline and endurance are a precondition to complete the distance-learning MBA in 30 months".
Experience with the MBA Renewables"The MBA opened me the way to business management tools and understanding while focusing on the energy sector".

Abstract of the thesis:

In the wake of the German energy market structure transition, referred to as “Energiewende”,  the municipalisation of electricity grids by local authorities became a strong issue incorporating the population in the new market structures. The Energiewende opens more options and attracts new players including public companies to generate power and control the distribution channels. During this debate citizens built an awareness of energy issues, partly also participate in form of domestic solar energy generation, and opt for a higher involvement of their local authorities in electricity grid management through movements and referenda forcing their deputies to act. By and large many people mistrust private economic players in the context of a global economy crisis and want to see the management of services in general interest (including energy generation and distribution) in the hands of public stakeholders. Partly also political actors see an option to generate income by operating local grids, keep local added value in the region, and try to win momentum in the energy market. Of course, such municipalisation processes bear risks that have the power to endanger the entire enterprise to the extent of a total failure. The thesis describes the context of the grid municipalisation process and identifies, analyses, and evaluates different risks during all phases of the process and developed risk treatment mechanisms.

Analysis and Risk assessment of the supplier structure of a German transmission system operator - Development of a holistic supplier management process
AuthorMarc Riudalbas
Professional backgroundPurchasing Manager for High Voltage Material and Services
Advice for future students"The distance learning MBA requires from every student a great amount of self-discipline".
Experience with the MBA Renewables"Thanks to the MBA I had the possibility to get in touch and share experiences with professionals all over the world that are involved in renewable energy projects. This was a great personal and professional inspiration for me to further develop my career within the energy sector".

Abstract of the thesis:

The purpose of this master thesis is to develop a holistic supplier management process and provide a critical analysis of the instruments and methodologies used within the procurement department of a transmission system operator in Germany. The ultimate goal is to set a framework to continuously develop suppliers for granting on the long-term best quality and best prices for the equipment and services purchased.
This thesis analyses the procurement market, compares the procurement portfolio models and define the best sourcing methods applicable for the product categories studied. It discusses existing supplier selection methodologies and includes a scoring model to measure the supply risk evolution.
The particularity of this master thesis relies on the fact that the process methodologies and instruments used are subjected to a strict and limiting legal and regulatory environment. In fact the need of holistic supplier management process has increased in times of the German energy turnaround “Energiewende” because of the big investments that need to be made to develop the electricity grid.